Flashcards in Acronyms (organism types, diuretic toxicities, gynecomastasia, early cyanosis heart, Immune def., X-linked rec.) Deck (20):
Most important encapsulated organisms
Heamophilus Influenza type b
(we have vaccines against all three of these)
long term deprivation of affection results in?
Weak (decreased muscle tone)
Wordless (poor language skills)
Wanting (poor socialization skills)
Wary (lack of basic trust)
Weight loss (also failure to thrive)
Acetazolamide (carbonic anhydrase inhibitor diuretic) toxicity?
"ACID" azolamide causes ACIDosis
hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis
Furosemide (inhibits Na+/K+/2cl+ cotransporter) toxicity?
Hydrochlorothiazide (inhibits NaCl reabsorption) toxicity?
A hyper GLUC
hypokalmeic metabolic Acidosis
drugs that cause gynecomastia?
Some Drugs Cause Awesome Knockers
early cyanosis heart diseases (right to left shunts)?
The 5 T's
Truncus arteriosus (1 vessel) (failure trunks arteriosus to divide into pulmonary trunk and aorta)
Transposition of the great vessels (2 vessels switched)
Tricuspid Atresia (3=tri) (absence of tricuspid valve)
Tetralogy of fallot (4=tetra) (pulmonary infidibular stenosis, RVH, ovveriding aorta, VSD)
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) (5 letters) (pulmonary veins drain into right hear circulation)
problems in tetralogy of fallot?
PROVe by squatting--(squatting improves cyanosis by increasing SVR, decreasing right to left shunt)
Pulmonary infidibular stenosis
Right ventricular hypertrophy
Ventricular Septal defect
X-Linked (Bruton) agammaglobinemia defect and who gets it?
defect in Btk, a tyrosine kinase gene-->no B cell maturation
higher incidence in Boys
B cell immune deficiency disorders
selective IgA deficiency
Common variable immunodeficiency
chronic mucocutaneous Candidiasis
autosomal dominant hyper IgE syndrome (job syndrome)
interLeukin-12 receptor deficiency
Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (job Syndrome) signs and symptoms?
retain primary Teeth (two rows of teeth)
B and T cell immune deficiencies?
WASH away the B and T calls
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
what are the obligate anaerobes
Anaerobes Can't Breath Air
X-linked recessive disorders?
Oblivious Female Will Give Her Boys Her X-Linked Disorders
Fabry disease (lysosomal storage disease, alpha galactosidase deficiency)
Wiskott-aldrich (defect WAS gene--> )-- T-cell actin)
Hunter Syndrome (lysosomal storage disease--> Iduronate Sulfate deficiency)
Bruton agammaglobinemia (defect BTK gene tyrosin kinase-> )-- B cells)
Hemophilia A and B (defective Intrinsic pathway--> A= factor 8 def. B=factor 9 def.)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (defective purine salvage d/t absent HGPRT--> converts hypoxanthine to IMP and Guanine to GMP)
Duchenne (and Becker) muscular dystrophy (frameshift--> truncated dystrophin--> accelerated muscle breakdown)
Autosomal dominant Disorders
M. (Marfans & MEN)
H. (Huntington & von-Hippel-lindau)
A. (ADPKD & Achondroplasia)
T. (Tuberous Sclerosis)
A. (Adenosis polyposis)
N. (NF 1 and 2)
D. (myotonic Dystrophies)
how do you remember how to stain and grow legionella pneumophila
think of a French Legionnaire with his SILVER (silver stain) helmet, sitting around a CAMPFIRE (charcoal yeast extract) with his IRON (agar supplemented with iron) dagger --he is no SISSY (agar supplemented with cysteine)
what are the causes of maculopapular rash on the palms and soles
you drive KAWASAKI CARS with your hands and feet
Rocky Mountain spotted fever