Acronyms (organism types, diuretic toxicities, gynecomastasia, early cyanosis heart, Immune def., X-linked rec.) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acronyms (organism types, diuretic toxicities, gynecomastasia, early cyanosis heart, Immune def., X-linked rec.) Deck (20):
1

Most important encapsulated organisms

SHIN

Streptococus pneumoniae
Heamophilus Influenza type b
Neisseria gonorrhea

(we have vaccines against all three of these)

2

long term deprivation of affection results in?

5W's:

Weak (decreased muscle tone)
Wordless (poor language skills)
Wanting (poor socialization skills)
Wary (lack of basic trust)
Weight loss (also failure to thrive)

3

Acetazolamide (carbonic anhydrase inhibitor diuretic) toxicity?

"ACID" azolamide causes ACIDosis

hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis

4

Furosemide (inhibits Na+/K+/2cl+ cotransporter) toxicity?

OH DANG!

Ototoxicity
Hypokalemia
Dehydration
Allergy (sulfa)
Nephritis (interstitial)
Gout

5

Hydrochlorothiazide (inhibits NaCl reabsorption) toxicity?

A hyper GLUC

hypokalmeic metabolic Acidosis
hyperGlycemia
hyperLipidemia
hyperUricemia
hyperCalcemia

6

drugs that cause gynecomastia?

Some Drugs Cause Awesome Knockers

Spironolactone
Digitalis
Cimetidine
Alcohol
Ketoconazole

7

early cyanosis heart diseases (right to left shunts)?

The 5 T's

Truncus arteriosus (1 vessel) (failure trunks arteriosus to divide into pulmonary trunk and aorta)

Transposition of the great vessels (2 vessels switched)

Tricuspid Atresia (3=tri) (absence of tricuspid valve)

Tetralogy of fallot (4=tetra) (pulmonary infidibular stenosis, RVH, ovveriding aorta, VSD)

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) (5 letters) (pulmonary veins drain into right hear circulation)

8

problems in tetralogy of fallot?

PROVe by squatting--(squatting improves cyanosis by increasing SVR, decreasing right to left shunt)

Pulmonary infidibular stenosis
Right ventricular hypertrophy
Overiding Aorta
Ventricular Septal defect

9

X-Linked (Bruton) agammaglobinemia defect and who gets it?

B's

defect in Btk, a tyrosine kinase gene-->no B cell maturation
higher incidence in Boys

10

B cell immune deficiency disorders

ABC's

selective IgA deficiency
Bruton agammaglobinemia
Common variable immunodeficiency

11

T-cell disorders

T-CELL

Thymic aplasia
chronic mucocutaneous Candidiasis
autosomal dominant hyper IgE syndrome (job syndrome)
interLeukin-12 receptor deficiency

12

Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (job Syndrome) signs and symptoms?

FATED

coarse Facies
staph Abcesses
retain primary Teeth (two rows of teeth)
increased IgE
Dermatologic problems

13

WIskott-Aldrich syndrome

WATER

Wiscott
Aldrich
Thrombocytopenic purpura
Eczema
Recurrent infection

14

B and T cell immune deficiencies?

WASH away the B and T calls

Wiskott-aldrich
Ataxia-telangiectasia
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
Hyper-IgM syndrome

15

what are the obligate anaerobes

Anaerobes Can't Breath Air

Clostridium
Bacteroides
Actinomyces

16

X-linked recessive disorders?

Oblivious Female Will Give Her Boys Her X-Linked Disorders

Ocular albinism

Fabry disease (lysosomal storage disease, alpha galactosidase deficiency)

Wiskott-aldrich (defect WAS gene--> )-- T-cell actin)

G6PD deficiency

Hunter Syndrome (lysosomal storage disease--> Iduronate Sulfate deficiency)

Bruton agammaglobinemia (defect BTK gene tyrosin kinase-> )-- B cells)

Hemophilia A and B (defective Intrinsic pathway--> A= factor 8 def. B=factor 9 def.)

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (defective purine salvage d/t absent HGPRT--> converts hypoxanthine to IMP and Guanine to GMP)

Duchenne (and Becker) muscular dystrophy (frameshift--> truncated dystrophin--> accelerated muscle breakdown)

17

Autosomal dominant Disorders

MOCHA STAND

M. (Marfans & MEN)
O. (Osler-Weber-Rendu)
C. (Cholesterolemia)
H. (Huntington & von-Hippel-lindau)
A. (ADPKD & Achondroplasia)
S. (Spherocytosis)
T. (Tuberous Sclerosis)
A. (Adenosis polyposis)
N. (NF 1 and 2)
D. (myotonic Dystrophies)

18

how do you remember how to stain and grow legionella pneumophila

think of a French Legionnaire with his SILVER (silver stain) helmet, sitting around a CAMPFIRE (charcoal yeast extract) with his IRON (agar supplemented with iron) dagger --he is no SISSY (agar supplemented with cysteine)

19

what are the causes of maculopapular rash on the palms and soles

you drive KAWASAKI CARS with your hands and feet

Kawasaki disease
Coxsackie A
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Secondary Syphillis

20

how do we remember x-linked agammaglobinemia

remember the B's

Bruton agammaglobinemia
defect in BTK--> no B cells
increased incidence incidence in Boys (x-linked)
recurrent Bacterial infections