Acute and Complex musculo-skeletal injuries Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD2 Foundation > Acute and Complex musculo-skeletal injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acute and Complex musculo-skeletal injuries Deck (10):
1

What are the priorities for assessment of an acute MSK injury?

A - airway

B - breathing: Sats and RR

C - circulation: HR, BP

D - Disability: spinal trauma, glucose

 

2

How do you describe a fracture?

Anatomical structure

Position

Type: simple or comminuted

Direction: eg tranverse or oblique

Displacement

3

When might you give tetanus immunoglobulin for a fracture?

If not vaccinated

4

What are some causes of raised BP in acute MSK injury patient?

Pain

Raised ICP

(Recreational drugs)

5

What are the standard post-op orders?

D - diet (nil by mouth)

A - activity eg weight bearing

V - vitals (infrequency of monitoring)

I - IVs, fluids, balance

D - drugs, drains and dressings

6

How can you identify an aortic injury on CXR?

Distended knuckle of aorta

 

7

What are the trauma series imaging?

CXR

Pelvic XR

(Lateral cervical spine XR)

8

What are some pain relief options for a fracture

 

Reduce the fracture

Multimodal pain relief - Morphine, paracetamol, NSAIDs

9

What is the classification system for open fractures?

Gustilo-Anderson

10

How do you assess someone's GCS?

Eyes - 4: Opens spontaneously

3: Opens in response to command

2: Opens in response to pain

1: No response

 

Verbal: 5: Responsive

4: Confused

3: Inappropriate words

2: Incomprehensible sounds

1: No sounds

 

Motor response

6: Responds to command

5: Localises to pain

4: Withdraws from pain

3: Flexes in response to pain

2: Extends in response to pain

1: No response