ADRENERGIC AGONISTS Flashcards Preview

! Term 5 - Pharm: Uses - Drugs > ADRENERGIC AGONISTS > Flashcards

Flashcards in ADRENERGIC AGONISTS Deck (11):
1

EPINEPHRINE

  1. Anaphylactic shock – drug of choice 
  2. Acute asthmatic attacks 
  3. Cardiac arrest – can restore cardiac rhythm in patients with cardiac arrest 
  4. In local anesthetics – epinephrine increases during of local anesthesia by producing vasoconstriction at the site of injection

2

NOREPINEPHRINE

To treat shock because it increases vascular resistance and therefore increase BP

3

DOPAMINE

  • Used in treatment of severe CHF
  • Can be used in the treatment of cardiogenic and septic shock
  • For management of shock, intermediate to high rates are used

4

ISOPROTERENOL

May be used in emergencies to stimulate heart rate in patients with bradycardia or heart block

5

DOBUTAMINE

  • Management of acute heart failure 
  • Management of cardiogenic shock

6

Terbutaline & Albuterol

Used in asthma - Short-acting

7

Salmeterol and formoterol

Used in asthma - long acting

8

PHENYLEPHRINE

  • Nasal decongestant. Given orally or topically
  • Used to increase BP in hypotension resulting from vasodilation in septic shock or anesthesia

9

CLONIDINE

Centrally acting antihypertensive

10

METHYLDOPA

Drug of choice for treatment of HTN during pregnancy

11

BRIMONIDNE

Given ocularly to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma