Adrenergic Drugs Therapeutics and Side Effects Flashcards Preview

Pharm Unit 2 MJC > Adrenergic Drugs Therapeutics and Side Effects > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adrenergic Drugs Therapeutics and Side Effects Deck (29)
1

Norepinephrine

Use: Acute Hypotension

SE: hypertension; arrythmias; headaches

2

Epinephrine

Use: anaphylactic shock; combined with local anesthetics; glaucoma

SE: palpitation; arrhythmias; headache

3

Amphetamine

Use: ADHD, narcolepsy, recreation

SE: Hypertension, insomnia, anxiety, arrhythmias

4

Isoproterenol

Use: shock; heart attack

SE: Palpitation; tachyarrhythmia; headache

5

Dobutamine

Use: Cardiac decompensation; shock; heart block

SE: tachyarrhythmias; hypertension

6

Albuterol

Use: prevent or reverse exercise induced bronchospasm; mild asthma; COPD

SE: can mask progressively severe inflammation, tachycardia and muscle tremor

7

Terbutaline

Use: Prevent or reverse exercise induced bronchospasm; mild asthma; COPD; early labor

SE: can mask progressively severe inflammation, tachycardia and muscle tremor

8

Phenylephrine

Use: nasal congestion; postural hypotension

SE: hypertension; reflex bradycardia

9

Clonidine

Use: hypertension; shock; withdrawal from drug dependence

SE: Sedation

10

Alpha-methyldopa

Use: Hypertension

SE: Sedation

11

Fenoldopam

Use: Increase blood flow at renal, mesenteric, and cerebral arteries

12

Dopamine

Use: Shock, renal failure, hypotension

SE: Vasocontriction at high doses

13

Phentolamine

Use: Pheochromocytoma, Reynaud's, Frostbite

SE: Postural hypotension; inhibit ejaculation

14

Phenoxybenzamine

Use : Pheochromocytoma, Reynaud's, frostbite

SE: Postural hypotension; inhibit ejaculation

15

Prazosin

Use: primary HTN, BPH

SE: Postural Hypotension (usually 1st dose)

16

Terazosin

Use: Primary HTN, BPH

SE: Postural hypotension (usually 1st dose)

17

Propanolol

Use: Angina, hypertension, arrhythmias

SE: Bradycardia, bronchoconstriction, sexual dysfunction

18

Timolol

Use: Glaucoma (Decrease of aqueous humor from ciliary process)

SE: Bradycardia, bronchoconstriction, sexual dysfunction

19

Metropolol

Use: HTN, Angina, arrhythmias, CHF

SE: Bradycardia, sexual dysfunction

20

Atenolol

Use: HTN, Angina, arrhythmias, CHF

SE: Bradycardia, sexual dysfunction

21

Bisoprolol

Use: HTN, Angina, arrhythmias, CHF

SE: Bradycardia, sexual dysfunction

22

Carvedilol

Use: CHF, HTN

SE: Bradycardia and fatigue

23

Labetalol

Use: CHF, HTN

SE: Bradycardia and fatigue

24

Betaxolol

Use: CHF, HTN

SE: Bradycardia

25

Cocaine

Use: local anesthetic, vasoconstrictor

SE: Insomnia, anxiety, arrhythmias

26

Guanethidine

Use: Antihypertensive

SE: Many and serious

27

Reserpine

Use: Older antihypertensive

SE: Many and serious (Depression and suicide are major ones)

28

Alpha-methyltyrosine

Use: Inoperable pheochromocytoma

SE: Many and serious

29

Ephedrine

Use: Nasal Decongestion, anorexic