Adulthood And Aging Flashcards Preview

Psych > Adulthood And Aging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adulthood And Aging Deck (30):
1

Prejudice or discrimination against the elderly

Ageism

2

The idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevitable with age

Decremental model

3

The study of death and dying

Thanatology

4

A decrease in mental abilities experienced by some in old age

Senile dementia

5

The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hormones sharply decrease

Menopause

6

A permanent disability as opposed to an acute or temporary disability (heart disease or Alzheimer's)

Chronic disease

7

The desire in middle age to use accumulated wisdom to guide the future generations

Generativity

8

A discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture the past
(Opposite of generativity)

Stagnation

9

A facility designed to care for the special needs or the dying

Hospice

10

A neurological condition that destroys the ability to think, remember, relate to others, and care for him/herself. A deterioration of cognitive functioning

Alzheimer's disease

11

Males that make it between the ages of 30 and 40 becoming fully independent

BOOM

12

When the last of the children finally leave home the parents become

Empty nesters

13

A theory of aging in which some psychologists think the present mechanism limits the number of times our cells multiply and divide

Biological clock

14

All of the psychological and biological changes between ages 45 -50

Climacteric

15

The ability to use accumulated knowledge

Crystallized intelligence

16

The ability to solve abstract relational problems and generate a new hypothesis

Fluid intelligence

17

Adult physical peak years

18-30

18

Most common causes of death in late adulthood

Heart disease
Cancer
Cirrhosis of liver

19

Most common causes of death in elderly

Heart disease
Cancer
Strokes

20

Divorce statistics and why

40-60% of marriages end in divorce. That happens bc the couple has difficulty handling and resolving conflicts

21

Healthy conflict strategies

-listening
-agree to disagree
-focusing on problems
-show respect
-argue constructively

22

Ages for new skills and problem solving

20s

23

Ages for creativity and productivity

40s

24

Ages for performance in humanities

60s

25

Depression in middle age

Lack of identity, feel worthless, useless, especially bc cancer comes to an end

26

Most devastating change in life and why

The lose of a spouse. A hard adjustment since they've been together for a long time and have depended on each other for everything over the years

27

Statistics of widowhood

70% of woman 33% of men

28

Signs of decline in nervous system

Decline in eyesight, memory, reaction time, hearing, motor flexibility,

29

Symptoms of dementia

Forgetfulness, impaired attention, altered personality, distortion of time and place, and have a difficulty relating to people

30

Stages of death and dying

1) denial - shock and numbness
2) anger- shortened lifespan and loss of chances
3) bargaining- ask god to give them more time in favour of them being good
4) depression- bc of complete loss they're facing. They feel hopeless
5) acceptance- experience peacefulness and calm. Accepted or came to terms with their death