Flashcards in Advanced Airway Deck (49):
What are the structures of the upper airway?
What are the structures of the lower airway?
What is the most immediate measure of gas exchange?
What is respiration vs. ventilation?
Respiration is gas exchange whereas ventilation is the mechanical movement of the air
Where is the site of most aspirated foreign bodies?
The right mainstream bronchi
What is the sac that covers the lung?
Where is the site of cellular respiration?
_______ is the pressure exerted by each component of gas mixture.
____ is the movement of air from high concentration to low concentration.
___ is the main part of the organ
What is the connective tissue that covers the lung?
What are two causes of decreased hemoglobin?
Anemia & hemorrhage
What is the normal ventilation rate for an adult
12 to 20
What is the normal rate for expired CO2?
What is the main respiratory center in the body?
The _____ reflex tells you when you've inhaled enough air.
What measures the amount of chemicals in the blood?
Deep and fast respirations are known as _____.
Diabetic ketoacidosis pts normally have what type of respirations.
Cheyne-stokes respirations are usually _____
Really fast then really slow
What type of patients normally have cheyne-stokes respirations?
Brain stem injuries
Biot's respirations are usually what?
Really fast then periods of apnea
What type of patients have biots respirations?
Patients with high intracranial pressure
____ is the stiffness/flexibility of lung tissue.
The higher the respiratory rate, the ___ the end tidal CO2.
What type of airway is inserted blindly but does not enter the glottis?
Some EGAs sit in the esophagus (which places it behind the vocal cords). These are referred to as…
Other EGAs sit above the vocal cords. These are called…
What is the name of the instrument used for lifting the tongue and epiglottis so you can see the vocal cords?
The structure that the Mac blade fits into is called the…
You inflate the cuff on the ET Tube with how many mL of air?
What tools are used to remove foreign bodies in the airway?
What are indications of CPAP?
What Are advantages to CPAP?
Easily adjusted & discontinued
Doesn't require sedation
What are contraindications for CPAP?
Decreased LOC (unable to protect airway)
Systolic BP < 100
CPAP is contraindicated in _______ patients because we are increasing ________ pressure which puts more pressure on the heart. This decreases _______ _______.
What is the lowest PEEP setting?
What is the PEEP setting used for pulmonary edema patients?
What is the PEEP setting used for asthma/COPD patients?
What is PEEP?
What are the phases of capnography?
I - respiratory baseline
II - reflects the appearance of CO2 in the alveoli
III - the highest level of the plateu
IV - the beginning of the inspiration phase
Capnogram showing the classic "shark fin" is consistent with:
COPD and asthma
An elevation in the baseline indicates:
Reduction in ETCO2 levels is consistent with:
Progressively low ETCO2 levels consistent with significant dead space is seen in:
Patients with pulmonary embolism
Progressive increase in ETCO2 levels is consistent with:
During inspiration, the lungs distend and activate:
According to the theory of hypoxic drive, respiratory stimulate is increased by: