Aerobic Training - Physiological Adaptations Flashcards Preview

A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology > Aerobic Training - Physiological Adaptations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aerobic Training - Physiological Adaptations Deck (15)
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1

Hypertrophy of SO and FOG fibres means

There is an increase in use of the aerobic energy system

2

FOG increase their aerobic capability so there is...

An increase use of the aerobic energy systems

3

Increased resting metabolic because of...

The increase in muscle mass compared to fat mass

4

There increased myoglobin stores means that...

There is an increase store of O2 at the muscles to be used in the aerobic energy system

5

There is an increase in store of glycogen and triglycerides in the muscles meaning that...

There is an increase in availability of fuels for theaerobic energy system

6

There is an increase size and number of mitochondria which means...

Aerobic energy stores work at a faster rate

7

There is an increase in aerobic enzyme action meaning that...

Aerobic energy systems work at an increased rate

8

What is the effect of training on insulin resistance

The uptake of glucose from blood to muscles increases so the risks of developing type 2 diabetes is lowered

9

What’s the effect of cardiac hypertrophy

Increased size and contractility of ventricle muscles causing SV to increase

10

What’s the effect of increased elasticity of artery walls

Increased regulation of blood pressure and distribution of blood to the working muscles

11

What’s the effect of capillerisation

Increased number of capillaries at lungs and muscles so the rate of gas exchange increases

12

What’s thee effect of increased red blood cell count

The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood increases

13

What’s the impact of increased blood plasma

Blood viscosity is reduced which increases blood flow

14

What’s the effect in the increased surface area of alveoli

Increased rate of diffusion at the lungs

15

What’s the effect of increased respiratory muscles

Increased lung volume, decreased fatigue of respiratory muscles and more efficient ventilation

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