Flashcards in Aerobic Training - Physiological Adaptations Deck (15)
Hypertrophy of SO and FOG fibres means
There is an increase in use of the aerobic energy system
FOG increase their aerobic capability so there is...
An increase use of the aerobic energy systems
Increased resting metabolic because of...
The increase in muscle mass compared to fat mass
There increased myoglobin stores means that...
There is an increase store of O2 at the muscles to be used in the aerobic energy system
There is an increase in store of glycogen and triglycerides in the muscles meaning that...
There is an increase in availability of fuels for theaerobic energy system
There is an increase size and number of mitochondria which means...
Aerobic energy stores work at a faster rate
There is an increase in aerobic enzyme action meaning that...
Aerobic energy systems work at an increased rate
What is the effect of training on insulin resistance
The uptake of glucose from blood to muscles increases so the risks of developing type 2 diabetes is lowered
What’s the effect of cardiac hypertrophy
Increased size and contractility of ventricle muscles causing SV to increase
What’s the effect of increased elasticity of artery walls
Increased regulation of blood pressure and distribution of blood to the working muscles
What’s the effect of capillerisation
Increased number of capillaries at lungs and muscles so the rate of gas exchange increases
What’s thee effect of increased red blood cell count
The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood increases
What’s the impact of increased blood plasma
Blood viscosity is reduced which increases blood flow
What’s the effect in the increased surface area of alveoli
Increased rate of diffusion at the lungs