Afraid to do / Afraid of -ing Flashcards Preview

09 -ing and the infinitive > Afraid to do / Afraid of -ing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Afraid to do / Afraid of -ing Deck (31):
1

We use "afraid to do" for things we do int_____; we can ch___ to do them or not.

We use "afraid to do" for things we do intentionally; we can choose to do them or not. (être effrayé à l'idée de faire quelque chose)

This part of town is dangereous. People are afraid to walk here at night. (quand elles choisissent de le faire)

James was afraid to tell his parents what happened. (s'il choisit de le faire)

Note: idée de mouvement vers (intention de...); la peur est anticipée à l'idée de faire une action donnée (cause subjective)

2

We use afraid of something happening when it is p_____ something bad will happen (accident).

We use afraid of something happening when it is possible something bad will happen (accident). (être effrayé par l'idée qu'il arrive quelque chose et non à l'idée de faire qqch)

The sidewalk is icy, so we walked very carefully. We were afraid of falling.

I don't like dogs. I'm always afraid of being bitten.

Note: We don't use afraid of -ing for things we do intentionnaly. La cause est extrinsèque.  

3

I'm interested in doing something = I'm th___ of doing it, I would li_ to do it.

I'm interested in doing something = I'm thinking of doing it, I would like to do it. (intention de..., déjà présente)

Let me know if you're interested in joining the club. (not to join, mais à l'idée de joindre)

I tried to sell my car, but nobody was interested in buying it.(not to buy, mais à l'idée d'acheter) 

4

I was interested to  hear it = it was interesting f__ me to know it.

I was interested to hear it = it was interesting for me to know it. (éprouver de l'intérêt envers qqch))

I was interested to hear that Tanya quit her job.

Ask Mike his opinion.  I would be interested to know what he thinks. 

5

We use sorry to to say we regret something that h___s.

We use sorry to to say we regret something that happens.

I was sorry to hear taht Nicky lost her job. (= I was sorry when I heard that)

I've enjoyed my stay here. I'll be sorry to leave.

Note: we also use "sorry to" to apologize at the time we doing something: I'm sorry to call you so late, but I need to ask you something.

6

You can use sorry for/about doing to apologize for something you did b_____.

You can use sorry for/about doing to apologize for something you did before.

I'm sorry for/about shouting at you yesterday.

We can also say: I'm sorry I shouted at you yesterday.

7

The street are unsafe at night. A lot of people are afraid to go/of going out.

The street are unsafe at night. A lot of people are afraid to go out.

8

We walked very carefully along the icy path. We were afraid to fall / of falling.

We walked very carefully along the icy path. We were afraid of falling.

9

I thought she would be very angry if I told her what had happened. I was afraid to tell / of telling her.

I thought she would be very angry if I told her what had happened. I was afraid to tell her.

10

In the middle of the film there was an especially horrifying scene. We were afraid to look / of looking.

In the middle of the film there was an especially horrifying scene. We were afraid to look.

11

I thought the food on my plate didn't look fresh. I was afraid to eat / of eating it. I was afraid to get / of getting sick.

I thought the food on my plate didn't look fresh. I was afraid to eat it. I was afraid of getting sick.

12

Julia is interested in starting / to start her owm business.

Julis is interested in starting her owm business. (intention)

13

I was interested to read / in reading your letter in the newspaper last week.

I was interested to read your letter in the newspaper last week. (intérêt)

14

Ben wants to stay single. He's not interested to get / in getting married.

Ben wants to stay single. He's not interested in getting married. 

15

I met mark a few day's ago. You'll be interested of knowing / to know that he's juste gotten a job in Buenos Aires.

I met mark a few day's ago. You'll be interested to know that he's juste gotten a job in Buenos Aires.

16

I was sorry to hear/ for hearing that you didn't get the job you applied for. 

I was sorry to hear that you didn't get the job you applied for.(regrets)

17

I'm sorry to say / for saying all those bad things about you. I didn't mean them.

I'm sorry for saying all those bad things about you. I didn't mean them. (something did before)

18

I'm sorry to bother / for bothering you, but do you have a pen I could borrow?

I'm sorry to bother you, but do you have a pen I could borrow? (apologize)

19

I'm sorry to lose / for losing the book you lent me.

I'm sorry for losing the book you lent me. (something did before)

20

We wanted to leave / for leaving the building.

We wanted to leave the building.

21

We weren't allowed for leaving / to leave the building.

We weren't allowed to leave the building.

22

Peter failed to solve / of solving the problem.

Peter failed to solve the problem.

23

Chris succeeded to solve / in solving the problem.

Chris succeeded in solving the problem.

24

I'm thinking of going / to go away next week.

I'm thinking of going away next week.

25

I'm hoping of going / to go away next week.

I'm hoping to go away next week.

26

I'd like to go / of going away next week.

I'd like to go away next week.

27

I'm looking forward  to go / to going away next week.

I'm looking forward to going away next week.

28

Lisa wanted to buy / of buying me lunch.

Lisa wanted to buy me lunch.

29

Lisa promised to buy / of buying me lunch.

Lisa promised to buy me lunch.

30

Lisa insisted to buy / on buying me lunch.

Lisa insisted on buying me lunch.

31

Lisa wouldn't dream to buy / of buying me lunch.

Lisa wouldn't dream of buying me lunch.