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Flashcards in Africa Deck (23)
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Isicathamiya

Acapella genre; Zulu + Christian hymns; choreographed dance

1

African diaspora

Dispersal of millions of (West) Africans to Americas; result of Euro-American slave trade; worldwide musical impact

2

Atumpan

A set of two large drums used by the Akan for drum speech and also in other contexts

3

Bala

Xylophone of the Mande people of West Africa; jeliya

4

Akan

A large ethnic group of West Africa (present day Ghana)

5

Africanisms

Identifiable music cultural characteristics that are widely shared across sub-Saharan Africa and are prominent in music of the African diaspora as well

6

fon

one of the major ethnic groups in the West African nation of Benin

7

fontomfrom

Akan royal drum ensemble featuring several drums (from, atumpan, eguankboa) and the dawuro iron bell

8

griot

generic term for diverse range of African hereditary praise song/music traditions

9

hereditary jeli families

family lineages of professional musicians (Kouyate, Diabate, Sissoko), many dating back centuries, who are exclusively associated with the griot traditions of Mande jeliya in West Africa

10

Nyamropa

Zimbabwe (Shona). by Ephat Mujuru. instrument: mbira dzavaddzimu = lammellophone (metal-tongue); state of trance; attached bottle caps/shells --> buzzing timbre

11

Xai (Elephants)

Kalahari Desert (Qwii). nkokwane: huning bow used as chordophone; only 2 tones but a variety of timbre; ostinato

12

Unomathemba

South Africa (Zulu). by Black Ladysmith Mambazo; isicathamiya: dance routines; call-and-response; low voices; whistling = cattle-herding; pulsation; subtle mouth bow imitation

13

Elephant Hunting Song

by BaMbuti (forest dwelling people, "pygmy") vocal polyphony; all voices = important, reflect egalitarian values

14

Akan Drum Proverb (Talking Drum)

Ghana (Akan). atumpan = "talking drum" = imitate Twi language; call and response: voice recites, drum interprets

15

Dounuya (The World)

Mali (Mande). by Sekou Keita voice and kora: bow harp chordophone (epic mythical/historical songs); layered ostinato alternating with melodic flourishes; alternate b/t syllabic and melismatic

16

Yoruba

West Africa's largest ethnic group; mainly based in Nigeria

17

Iyaalu

mother drum

18

gyil

generic name for xylophone among the Lobi people of Northern Ghana

19

bogyil

festive xylophone

20

kogyil

funeral xylophone

21

kuur

hoe-blade idiophone (accompanies xylophone)

22

gangaa

double-headed cylindrical drum (accompanies xylophone)