Africa ch 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Africa ch 13 Deck (72):
1

Where is 80% of Africa’s land located

Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

2

Why is the Sahara the single most important geographic Factor in the history of Africa

It divides the continent into two regions a very different peoples and histories

3

What covers about half of Africa

Grasslands

4

What did grasslands help to produce

A great range of wildlife that has made Africa famous

5

Why are river systems in Africa not considered navigable

Because of the Great Falls and Rapids on them

6

Name the four important rivers of southern and eastern Africa

The Nile, the orange river, Limpopo and the Zambezi

7

About 40% of Africa’s land is considered what

Desert

8

List At least three major deserts found in southern and eastern Africa

Sahara, Danakil and kalahari namib

9

What is the second highest waterfall in the world

Tugela falls

10

Where is tugula Falls located

Natal on the border of Lesotho

11

What national park is a popular destination in Transvaal

Kruger national Park, it claims to have the greatest variety of animals including elephants lions giraffes cheetahs rhinos and hippos

12

What is the largest mountain in southern Africa

Thabana ntlenyana

13

What range is the thabana ntlenyana in

Drakensberg mountains

14

What country is thabana ntlenyana in

Lesotho

15

For what accomplishment or nelson Mandela and Dr. the clerk remembered for

They worked together to end apartheid in South Africa

16

What famous award did Nelson Mandela and Dr. de Klerk share for their efforts

The 1993 Noble peace prize

17

Who was elected and served as president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999

Nelson Mandela

18

Who has served as South Africa is president since 1999

Thabo mbeki

19

What country is known as having the highest rate of HIV/AIDS amounts of adults in the world

Swaziland

20

What landlocked country in Africa southwest for toe is still a part of the British Commonwealth

Botswana

21

What accounts for 80% of Botswana’s exports income

Diamonds

22

What’s recognition spots want to hold with a regard to their exports of diamonds

It is the largest producer of Gem quality diamonds in the world

23

Where is the worlds largest mine for diamonds

In the northern part of the desert at orapu Botswana

24

What is the nickname for the northern shore of nimibia and why

The skeleton coast/it is called is because a frequent thick fog, caused by a cold ocean currents, which results in numerous ship wrecks along the shore

25

Watch River divided southern and northern Rhodesia

The Zambezi river

26

What are northern and southern Rhodesia called today

Zambia and Zimbabwe

27

What waterfall makes an impressive punch on the Zambezi river on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe

Victoria Falls

28

Who discovered Victoria Falls which ranks among the four most spectacular waterfalls in the world

David Livingstone

29

Who was Victoria Falls named after

Queen Victoria

30

Sub-Saharan Africa

Encompasses all of the African lance below the Sahara desert

31

Savanna

The vegetation of tropical areas with a long dry season; has grasslands and scattered drought resistant trees

32

Coloureds

Africans of mixed just sent; a recognized ethnic group that consult about 9% of the southern African population

33

Escarpment

A steep rise from a plane to a Plateau

34

Boars/Afrikaners

The original Dutch farmers that settled south Africa and spread out from Cape Town across the fertile coastal Plains

35

Veldt

Ava Savannah that spreads Across the fertile coastal Plains

36

Bantu

Most of the tribes that settled the diverse lands in south Africa and spread out from Cape Town across the fertile coastal Plains

37

Afrikaans

The language of the Afrikaners; the language resulted from the board simplifying the grammar of their high Dutch language and incorporating words from their other language such as Zulu

38

Apartheid

A rigorous policy of racial separation in south Africa started by the Afrikaners; the contended that each race was culturally different from every other race

39

Swahili

The language that develops between the East Coast Africans and the Arab; a hodgepodge of Bantu in Arabic languages

40

Cataracts

Set off falls or rapids along a river

41

Masai people/tribe

The nomadic people who were/are herdsman and famous for their Ritual Dances and skills as warriors

42

Controversial president has rules and Bobway since their independence in 19

Robert Mugabe

43

Why is Robert mugabe So controversial

He has dominated the country by establishing the role of black majority confiscating lands from white minoritiesQuieting oppositions by murder, punishing homosexuals with imprisonment/rigging elections

44

What is the new governing situation in Zimbabwe

A power-sharing deal with Mugabe be serving as president and Morgan Tsvangirai serving as prime minister

45

What island is Africa’s largest in the world fourth largest

Madagascar

46

What separates Madagascar from Africa south east coast

The Mozambique channel

47

What animal species are endemic to this island

Ring tailed lemur’s

48

What is so significant about the education regarding the islands of the Seychelles

The education level is quite high, 85% of adults and 98% of children are illiterate

49

What are the most significant geographic features of East Africa

Africa’s highest mountains, some of its most important ranges, the great rift valley, and the Nile river

50

There are seven great lakes of the great rift valley which lake is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and is the source of the Nile, and has a coastline in three countries

Lake Victoria

51

What city is the center of trade, finance, and communications in East Africa and what country is it located in

NairobiIn Kenya

52

Over half of the worlds population of what large bird live in Africa

Flamingos

53

What are canyons to famous national parks/reserves

Amboseli National park and Masai Mara game reserve

54

What is Africa’s highest mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro

55

What nation contains mount Kilimanjaro

Tanzania

56

What island is a part of Tanzania though they elect separate presidents

Zanzibar

57

What is Tanzania’s largest port

Dar es salaam

58

What is Africa is most famous national park and where is it located

Serengeti National park in Tanzania

59

Why is Serengeti national park so famous

All of the five famous African big game animals are there

60

What important mountain range lies on you Gonda’s western

Ruwenzori mountains

61

What East African nation is home to Half of the worlds remaining mountain gorillas

Rwanda

62

And what national park or most of the worlds remaining mountain gorillas

Volcanoes national Park

63

What two small East African nations experienced Civil War and political unrest in the 1990s that climax in one of the worst cases of genocide in recent years in which country continues to engage in wars with the neighbors

Rwanda and Burundi ; Rwanda

64

Which of the two small East African nations that experienced Civil War Has been a stable government since 2004/2005

Burundi

65

What is the major export for Rwanda and Burundi

Coffee

66

The horn of Africa is the name for what peninsula

The some Somali peninsula

67

What for nations compose the horn of Africa

Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia

68

What East African country was never successfully colonized by European power

Ethiopia

69

What is Ethiopia top agricultural export

Coffee

70

What is the largest African nation

It was Sudan but now it is Algeria

71

What region of Sudan has also been scarred by Genocide

Darfur region

72

What was the cause for Sudan being scarred by genocide

Conflict between Muslims and northern Sudan who attempt to impose Islamic law in the southern highland