Africa Ch 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Africa Ch 14 Deck (47):
1

Identify the significance of village in most African societies

The tribal village is the foundation of African society each person plays their own vital role in the survival of their whole community polyamory is common because having multiple wives is a sign of wealth young children pull weeds or short vegetables; older children heard of livestock or do household chores. Men under 35 protect the village and alderman govern

2

Identify the significance of initiation Riots in most African societies

A process entered into by 12 to 13 -year-olds in some cultures in 15 to 20 -year-olds and others it usually involves a multi step process including hunting dances ceremonies with masks as they make their transition into adulthood

3

How has tribalism affected sub-Saharan Africa

It is a central feature of sub-Saharan Africa. Individuals feel more allegiance to the tribe then to their nationstate

4

What are perhaps the greatest problems facing the establishment and growth of free government and western and central Africa

Corruption and sell for dancing rulers were more concerned with personal gain then with national advancement

5

Explain the influence of colonization in the history of sub-Saharan Africa

People now have a mixture of traditional ways and modern western

6

What is the name of the country formed in the Belgian Congo

The democratic republic of the Congo

7

What former slave market in capital of Nigeria is now the most important industrial center in western and central Africa

Lagos

8

What irrupt it in Biafra In 1967 and continued until 1970

The Biafran war

9

What compound of the suffering of the people during the biafran war

A terrible famine after 1 million IBU died, they finally surrendered in 1970 instead of punishing the IVO, the Nigerian government try to bring reconciliation

10

What to African nations were settled by freed slaves

Sierra Leone and Liberia

11

Which of the two African nations were settled by freed slaves and we’re never colonized by Europeans

Liberia

12

What was the main export product of Côte d’lvoire

Cocoa beans

13

Through which two nations does the Volta river flow

Burkina Faso and Ghana

14

What are the three largest tribal groups in Nigeria

Hausa Yoruba and ibo

15

Explain the significance of Hausa

It is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria 21% of Nigerians are Housa they are Muslims most are real living In traditional ways

16

Explain the significance of the Yoruba

It dominates the land southwest of the Niger and makes up 1/3 of the populations of Nigeria as well as the major portion of Benin they may have converted to Christianity or they have adopted western ways

17

Explain the significance of the ibo

In the southern region of Nigeria there they are Christians and make up about 18% of the population

18

Identify the significance of Charles Taylor to Liberia

The man brought power in Liberia when another coop wrecked the country in 1990, sparking one of the most horrifying civil wars in history. He supported revolution in the neighboring Sierra Leone. Rebels forced him out in 2003

19

Identify the significance of Ellen Johnson sir leaf to Liberia

SHe was elected by Liberians in 2005 as the first female president in Africa She served as the assistant minister of finance and worked for the World Bank she is known as the iron lady in Liberia

20

Tribalism

A strong identification with the tribe that speaks the same language or dialect

21

Animism

The worship of souls of animals, rivers, trees, rocks, thunderstorms, etc. Religious animist Believe that all things have a spirit and that the spirits are in charge of the world

22

Autocrat

Brought their government with an iron hand, sometimes allowing elections but not allowing competitive political parties

23

Pygmies

One of the most does Steve peoples of Africa they live in the jungle by hunting and gathering food they travel in small groups of 10 to 20 families, building villages of sticks and leaves to live in for a few months before moving on they have no Chiefs. And they make their decisions by coop discussion

24

Slave coast

The long curved eaten portion of the coast on the southern side of Africa is bulge it is called this because so many slave ships operated From the bays in this area

25

Biafra

The southeastern quarter of Nigeria named for the bright of baiafra which lies east of the Niger delta and continue south and central America

26

Voodoo

A pantheistic religion , A form of animism practice by 2/3 of the people of benin

27

Gold Coast

Europeans were prompted to call Ghana this because of the abundance of gold there

28

Cacao

These seeds/beans are dried and used in the production of chocolate it is Ghana’s chief export is

29

What leading export has been one of the main reasons for the bloody Civil War that began in 1991 and has continued to devastate the country of Sierra Leone

Diamonds

30

List For culture traits that distinguish sub-Saharan Africa from northern Africa

Sub-Saharan: is populated with people of a black race, you slash and burn agriculture, practice polygamy, and live in villages
Northern Africa: populated by era peoples, more modern and urbanized, practice Islam, Muslim heritage

31

What is the primary religion of senegal Gambia and Guinea

Islam

32

Where was Marxism common on the West Coast

Guinea and Guinea Bissau

33

Which country in central and western Africa develop a stable western Government

Senegal

34

What for European languages or national languages in West and Central Africa

Portuguese Spanish French and English

35

What is the main river among the nations of west Africa

The Congo river

36

Name for diseases it plague Africa

Yellow fever African sleeping sickness malaria and HIV aids

37

Explain yellow fever causes and cures

Spread by mosquitoes treatments and preventative vaccines are available but epidemic still occur

38

Explain African sleeping sickness causes and cures

Spread by the tsetse fly as it feeds on the blood of humans or animals The result is death unless the victim seeks medical help

39

Explain malaria causes and cures

Spread by the anopheles mosquito some varieties have no known cure certain drugs and mosquito nets on common options for prevention a chemical spray call DDT is used to drive away mosquitoes but is not used often

40

Explain HIV aids causes and cures

Spread by sexual contact and by drug users through needles found drugs that help at night tour

41

Why is Côte d’lvoir one of the most developed countries of sub-Saharan Africa

The country‘s capital is a major port city and the largest city in west Africa it welcomes French teachers businessman and other skilled workers they have a stable government

42

What’s nation in Central And western Africa has the most people

Nigeria

43

Which nation in central and western Africa has the largest area

the democratic republic of the Congo

44

What nation in central and western Africa contains most of the likouala the largest jungle wilderness Remaining in Africa

The republic of Congo

45

Which nation in central and western Africa use a Spanish is the national language

Equilateral Guinea

46

What two nations in central and western Africa uses Portuguese as a national language

Guinea bassau and Cape Verde

47

What characteristics are common to prosperous countries in sub-Saharan Africa

Stable government close ties to Europe location on islands deposits of offshore oil or other minerals