Flashcards in Ageing affecting human growth and development Deck (18):
How does ageing affect us?
-Mobility decreased and stiffer joints.
-Weaker immune system.
-Memory recall affected.
-Feeling empty and isolated.
-Don't get to see friends often.
-Struggle to cope financially.
When do the effects of ageing happen?
-Each individual is unique- some experience it through their 50's some later.
-Physical changes happen naturally.
-Occur due to limited amount of time body cells can repair and renew.
What is cardiovascular disease?
-Disease of heart and blood vessels.
-Blood vessels narrow naturally, or due to fats like cholesterol being deposited. Also lose elasticity.
-Can cause heart attacks.
What factors influence coronary heart disease?
What is the nervous system?
-Nerves, spinal cord, and brain.
-Senses depend on the nervous system.
How does ageing affect the nervous system?
-Brain functions begin to decline.
-Reaction time and performance tasks are slower.
-Reduced ability to use words.
-Strokes, depression, Alzheimer's.
What is dementia?
-How the brain starts to break down.
-Affect behaviour, eyesight, feelings and cognitive abilities.
-Vascular dementia=caused by problems with blood supply to brain, language and memory problems.
What is Alzheimer's?
-Most common form of dementia.
-Onset is slow, problems with memory, language and thought.
-Trouble with STM and recalling names/places.
-Lose ability to carry out tasks like brushing teeth and cooking.
What causes a rise in confidence and self-esteem through ageing?
-Spending time with family.
-Achieved life goals.
What causes a fall in confidence and self-esteem through ageing?
-Illness and injury.
-Death of partner.
-Fear of dying.
-Struggle to cope financially and independently.
What are the effects of changes in roles?
-Now have grandchildren.
-Used to view themselves as head of the house but now has changed as they have become older and weaker.
What are the effects of death of friends?
-Loss of emotional support.
-Unhappy and depressed.
What are the effects of death of partner?
-Hard to cope.
-Sense of despair.
-Loss of intimacy.
-Sense of relied-less pain for partner.
-Anxiety or depression.
What are the effects of increase in leisure time?
-More engaged and less isolated.
-Boost in self-esteem.
-More freedom and independence.
-Better outlook on life.
What are the effects of financial concerns?
-Difficult to cope.
-Lack in sleep.
-Stress and worry can increase BP.
-Worry about bills=lead to arguments.
What are the theories involved in ageing?
-Social Disengagement Theory.
What do older people need provisions for?
-Loss of mobility.
-Loss of independence.