Ainsworth's Strange Situation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Deck (10):

Outline 2 behaviours that are characteristic of a securely attached infant

Happy to explore and come back to mum

Distressed when mum leaves


Outline 4 behaviours that were observed during The Strange Situation

Separation anxiety
Stranger anxiety
Reunion behaviour
Willingness to explore


Outline 2 behaviours expected from insecure avoidant infants

Happily explore unfamiliar room

Not concerned when mum leaves


Outline 2 behaviours expected from insecure resistant infants

Refuse to explore when mum is present

Intense distress when caregiver leaves


List the different types of attachment

Type B - secure
Type A - insecure avoidant
Type C - insecure resistant


What are the advantages of this study?

Lab experiment = highly controlled


What are the disadvantages of this study?

Lab exp = demand characteristics

Unethical = protection from harm, distress caused to infant and mum

Subjective data collection

Sample bias = middle-class American infants (ethnocentric, cannot generalise to other places)


What is an opposing argument of this study?

Researchers reviewed Ainsworth's study and found a new type of attachment - Type D (disorganised). This suggests that Ainsworth incorrectly classified some of her infants. Lacks validity


Who were the participants?

Middle-class, American infants


What type of study is The Strange Situation?

Laboratory study