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Intern Year > AKI > Flashcards

Flashcards in AKI Deck (17):
1

What is the most accurate way to differentiate AKI from CKD (in the absence of a baseline Cr)?

Rena US

2

What are the markers of (most kinds of) CKD on renal US?

Small kidney size and thinning of the cortex

3

An increase of ___ mg/dL or ___ times baseline is diagnostic of AKI.

0.3; 1.5

4

RBC casts are pathognomonic of _______.

glomerulonephritis

5

WBC casts are pathognomonic of _______.

AIN

6

Which etiologies of AKI cause trace to mild proteinuria?

prerenal

7

Which etiologies of AKI cause moderate proteinuria (

ATN

8

Which etiologies of AKI cause >1g/day proteinuria?

nephritic syndrome or cast nephropathy

9

Urine osm > 500 mOsm/kg is more consistent w/ _______.

prerenal etiologies

10

Urine osm

ATN

11

FeNa

prerenal

12

FeNa > 2%

intra-renal

13

What is the best initial strategy for determining if AKI in a CHF pt is due to CHF exacerbation or excessive diuresis?

diuretic trial

14

How do you test whether cardiac output is volume-responsive while doing an echo?

raise the pt's legs

15

Tx for pulm edema refractory to diuretics resulting from AKI.

hemodialysis

16

Tx for refractory kyperkalemia or metabolic acidosis in AKI.

hemodialysis

17

x for symptomatic uremia in AKI.

hemodialysis!