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Flashcards in Alkaloids Deck (45):
1

Fam areca

Arecaceae

2

Syn areca

Areca nut/bunga/betel nut/palm

3

Consti areca

Arecoline

4

Use areca

Anthelmintic
Masticatory

5

Sci pomegranate

Punica granatum

6

Fam pomegranate

Punicaceae

7

Syn pomegranate

Grenadier/granada
Cartagenian apple

8

Consti pomegranate

Pelletierine

9

Use pomegranate

Anthelmintic
For hemorrhoids

10

Sci belladonna

Atropa belladonna

11

Syn belladonna

Deadly nightshade

12

Consti belladonna

Atropine
hyoscyamine
Scopoletin

13

Use belladonna

Antimuscarinic/parasympatholytic
Antispasmodic

14

Sci hyoscyamus

Hyoscyamus niger

15

Syn hyoscyamus

Henbane
Stinking nightshade

16

Consti hyoscyamus

Hyoscine or scopolamine

17

Use hyoscyamus

For urinary tract spasms
Antivertigo

18

Sci stramonium

Datura stramonium

19

Syn stramonium

Jimson weed
Jamestown weed
Thornapple

20

Consti stramonium

Hyoscyamine
Hyoscine

21

Use stramonium

Antiasthma cigarettes
Disorders of ANS
Can cause hallucinations/euphoria

22

Sci talumpunay

Datura alba
D. metel
D. fastuosa

23

Syn talumpunay

Katsobong
Talongpunay
Thornampple

24

Consti talumpunay

Hyoscyamine
Hyoscine
Atropine

25

Use talumpunay

Antiasthma cigarettes
Antispasmodic

26

Sci areca

Areca catechu

27

Sci hydrastis

Hydrastis canadensis

28

Fam hydrastis

Ranunculaceae

29

Syn hydrastis

Golden seal
Orange root

30

Consti hydrastis

Hydrastine
Berberine
Canadine

31

Use hydrastis

Astringent from inflamm
Uterine hemorrhage
Used locally in GUI

32

Sci ipecac

Cephaelis acuminata

33

Fam ipecac

Rubiaceae

34

Syn ipecac

Cartegens/Panama ipecac
Rio/Brazilian ipecac

35

Consti ipecac

Cephaelis
Emetine
Psychotrine

36

Use ipecac

Emetic
For amoebic dysentery

37

Sci name ergot

Claviceps purpurea
Sesale cereal

38

Fam ergot

Clavicipitaceae
Poaceae

39

Syn ergot

Spurred rye
Cockspur rye
Rye smut

40

Consti ergot

Clavine
Ergometrine
Ergotamine

41

Use ergot

Used in labor to assist delivery, reduce post-partum hemorrhage

42

Sci name calabar bean

Physostigma venenosum

43

Fam calabar bean

Fabaceae

44

Consti calabar bean

Physostigmine
Calabatine
Physovenine

45

Use calabar bean

Miotic
Reverses effect of sedatives
For Alzheimer's