All-In-One Chapter 3 - Examining the Project Processes Flashcards Preview

PMP Exam > All-In-One Chapter 3 - Examining the Project Processes > Flashcards

Flashcards in All-In-One Chapter 3 - Examining the Project Processes Deck (38):
1

Activity List

lists the activities the project team will need to complete to create the deliverables defined in the WBS

2

Activity Attributes

describe the nature of the activities, needed human resources, materials, risk and other conditions that may affect the activities

3

Milestone List

shows significant points of progress, and you can only reach milestones by completing the activities in the activity list.

4

Assumption

a belief that is assumed to be true but has not been proven

5

Change request

a documented request to add to or remove from the project scope

6

Closing Process group

the project management process group that contains the activities to close out a project and project contracts

7

Constraint

a condition, rule, or procedure that restricts a project manager's options

8

Corrective action

brings project work back into alignment with the project plan. May also address a process that is producing errors

9

Cost baseline

the aggregation of the project deliverables and their associated costs. The difference between the cost estimates and the actual cost of the project identifies the cost variance

10

Defect repair

the activity to repair a defect within the project

11

Deming's PDCA Cycle

standard project management is based on Deming's plan-do-check-act cycle, which describes the logical progression of project management duties

12

Enterprise Environmental Factors

any external or internal organizational factors that can affect project success

13

Executing process group

the project management process group that provides the activities to carry out the project management plan to complete the project work

14

Initiating process group

the project management process group that allows a project to be chartered and authorized

15

Issue Log

a record of the issue, its characteristics, the issue owner, and a target date for resolving the issue

16

Manage project team

the project manager must, according to enterprise environmental factors, manage the project team to ensure that they are completing their work assignments with quality and according to plan

17

Manage stakeholder expectations

this process is based on what the stakeholders expect from the project and on project communications from the project manager

18

Monitoring & Controlling process group

the project management process group oversees, measures and tracks project performance

19

Organizational process assets

the methodology an organization uses to perform its business, as well as the guidelines, procedures, and knowledge bases

20

Planning process group

the project management process group that creates the project management plan to execute, monitor and control, and close the project

21

Preventive action

a risk-related action that avoids risk within the project

22

Process

a set of integrated activities to create a product, service or result

23

Product Process

a process that is unique to the type of work creating the product of the project

24

Project Calendar

the calendar that documents when the project work can occue

25

Project Charter

a document that comes from outside of the project boundaries and authorizes the existence of a project

26

Project deliverable

the output of the project

27

Project scope statement

the project scope defines the project, the project deliverables, product requirements, project boundaries, acceptance procedures, and scope control

28

Resource calendar

the calendar that documents which project resources are available for the project work

29

Risk Register

a central repository of the project risks and their attributes

30

Risk

an uncertain event or condition that can have a negative or positive impact on the project

31

Rolling Wave Planning

iterations of planning throughout the project life cycle

32

Schedule baseline

the expected timeline of the project. The difference between the planned schedule and the experience schedule reveals schedule variances within the project

33

Scope baseline

the sum of the project deliverables, the project scope statement, the WBS and the WBS dictionary are called the project scope baseline. the differences between the WBS and what is created is a scope variance

34

Stakeholder

a person or group that is affected by the project or that may affect the group. stakeholders can be positive, negative or neutral in their attitude toward the project success

35

Stakeholder engagement

the project manager and project team aim to keep the project stakeholders engaged and involved in the project to ensure that decisions, approvals, and communications are maintained as defined in the stakeholder management plan and the stakeholder management strategy

36

WBS Dictionary

a document that defines every identified element of the WBS

37

Work breakdown structure (WBS)

a breakdown of the project scope

38

Work-around

an immediate response to a negative risk within the project (example of a corrective action)