Alsace Flashcards Preview

France > Alsace > Flashcards

Flashcards in Alsace Deck (44):
1

What are the Alsace AOPs?

Alsace AOP, Alsace Grand Cru AOP, Crémant d'Alsace AOP

2

Describe the climate of Alsace.

Continental with warm, sunny summers. There is a rain shadow effect created by the Vosges Mountains.

3

What is grés de Vosges?

The local pink sandstone found in Alsace.

4

Describe the soil types of Alsace.

There is tremendous diversity.
The steeper mountain slopes are generally schist, granite, and volcanic sediment.
The lower slopes have a limestone base.
The plains are typically alluvial and gravel.
Grés de Vosges is the local pink sandstone.

5

What are the major grapes of Alsace?

Gewürztraminer (N)
Riesling (N)
Pinot Gris (N)
Muscat (N)
Pinot Blanc (Klevener)

N=noble grapes

6

What are the minor grapes of Alsace?

Auxerrois
Sylvaner
Chardonnay
Chasselas (Gutedel)
Pinot Noir -- only red

7

Define: Edelzwicker.

Means "noble mixture".
Inexpensive blended wine, the percentage of the blend does not need to be labeled.
They do not to be vintage dated.

8

Define: Gentil.

Superior designation for blended wines.
Must contain a minimum 50% noble grapes.
Any other grape may compose the remainder but the base wines must be vinified separately.

9

Highly regarded vintages of Alsace.

2005, 2007, 2008…

10

Describe the geographical features of Alsace.

Vosges Mountains
Rhein River

11

Alsace, France’s smallest région, is divided into which two départements?

Haut-Rhin & Bas- Rhin

12

The premier wines & over two-thirds of Alsace’s Grand Cru vineyards are located in the ________________ département.

Haut- Rhin

13

Geographically, Alsace is separated from the remainder of France by the ________________ in the west.

Vosges Mountains

14

The Vosges Mountains provide a “______________” effect.

“Rain Shadow”

15

Alsace is one of France’s __________ & ____________ climates.

Driest & Sunniest

16

What is the capital of the Haut-Rhin département, & is also the driest city in France?.

Colmar

17

In what year did Alsace finally achieve AOC/AOP status?

1962

18

Alsace was the __________ major French winemaking region to achieve AOC/AOP status.

Last

19

The climate in Alsace can be described as "_________________"

"Semi-Continental"

20

The vineyards of Alsace exist in a thin strand along the lower slopes and foothills of the _____________________.

Vosges Mountains

21

The better vineyards in Alsace enjoy southern, southeastern, and/or warm eastern exposures to maximize __________________.

Sunlight

22

Despite its northerly location, Alsatian vines typically ripen with greater regularity than those in the Loire or Northern Burgundy, due to the sheer number of _______________ hours in the summertime.

Sunlight

23

Throughout the entire Middle Ages, Alsace was a province of the ______________________________.

Germanic Holy Roman Empire

24

France developed into a centralized national state in the ___ & ___ centuries.

15th & 16th

25

As France developed into a centralized national state, they were put in a position which brought them into direct conflict with the ____________________ House, a branch of Europe’s most powerful dynasty.

Spanish Hapsburg House

26

The French-Hapsburg rivalry catapulted the "________________________" in Europe from a localized German religious dispute into a general European war for political dominance.

Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648)

27

In ____, French armies seized a majority of the region of Alsace to prevent it from falling into the hands of the Spanish Hapsburgs.

1639

28

The _____________________ concluded the "Thirty Years’ War" in 1648.

Treaty of Westphalia

29

Germany claimed the Alsace territory with Lorraine at the conclusion of the __________________ in 1871

Franco-Prussian War

30

Alsace-Lorraine enjoyed an extremely brief period of total independence as the abdication of Germany’s ____________________ brought the end of World War I.

Kaiser Wilhelm

31

A _____________ after World War I, French troops quickly moved on Alsace-Lorraine and its capitol, Strasbourg, and re-incorporated the region into France.

Month

32

Despite a short occupation by ________________ in the early 1940s, Alsace remains French.

Nazi Germany

33

Winegrowing in Alsace dates to the first __________________.

Millennium

34

___ Alsatian villages were growing the vine by the year 1000, a trend that peaked in the 16th century.

160

35

The brutal ___________________ demolished winegrowing in the region and the political instability of the following 300 years repressed the resurgence of the vine.

Thirty Years’ War

36

French control following World War I reasserted viticulture in Alsace, yet many of the region’s current vineyards date to _______ & after.

1945

37

1945 also marks the beginning of a divergence in _________ & _________ winemaking styles

French & German

38

German wines remained classically sweet, whereas Alsace producers fermented to __________ for a more powerful and food-friendly wine.

Dryness

39

In _____, Alsace finally achieved AOC status—the last major French winemaking region to do so.

1962

40

Alsatian vineyards have a myriad of what soil types?

Granite, limestone, schist, clay, gravel, chalk, loess, and the local pink sandstone—grés de Vosges—can be found throughout the region.

41

Although the soil structure varies greatly from village to village, the steeper mountain slopes of Alsace are generally composed of what soil types?

Schist, Granite & Volcanic Sediment.

42

The lower slopes of Alsace sit on a _______________ soil base.

Limestone

43

The plain at the base of the Vosges Mountains consists of richer __________________ & ____________________ soils.

Alluvial Clay & Gravel

44

Reflection on soil type is critical in consideration of the appropriate ____________________.

Grape Variety.