Flashcards in Alsace Deck (44):
What are the Alsace AOPs?
Alsace AOP, Alsace Grand Cru AOP, Crémant d'Alsace AOP
Describe the climate of Alsace.
Continental with warm, sunny summers. There is a rain shadow effect created by the Vosges Mountains.
What is grés de Vosges?
The local pink sandstone found in Alsace.
Describe the soil types of Alsace.
There is tremendous diversity.
The steeper mountain slopes are generally schist, granite, and volcanic sediment.
The lower slopes have a limestone base.
The plains are typically alluvial and gravel.
Grés de Vosges is the local pink sandstone.
What are the major grapes of Alsace?
Pinot Gris (N)
Pinot Blanc (Klevener)
What are the minor grapes of Alsace?
Pinot Noir -- only red
Means "noble mixture".
Inexpensive blended wine, the percentage of the blend does not need to be labeled.
They do not to be vintage dated.
Superior designation for blended wines.
Must contain a minimum 50% noble grapes.
Any other grape may compose the remainder but the base wines must be vinified separately.
Highly regarded vintages of Alsace.
2005, 2007, 2008…
Describe the geographical features of Alsace.
Alsace, France’s smallest région, is divided into which two départements?
Haut-Rhin & Bas- Rhin
The premier wines & over two-thirds of Alsace’s Grand Cru vineyards are located in the ________________ département.
Geographically, Alsace is separated from the remainder of France by the ________________ in the west.
The Vosges Mountains provide a “______________” effect.
Alsace is one of France’s __________ & ____________ climates.
Driest & Sunniest
What is the capital of the Haut-Rhin département, & is also the driest city in France?.
In what year did Alsace finally achieve AOC/AOP status?
Alsace was the __________ major French winemaking region to achieve AOC/AOP status.
The climate in Alsace can be described as "_________________"
The vineyards of Alsace exist in a thin strand along the lower slopes and foothills of the _____________________.
The better vineyards in Alsace enjoy southern, southeastern, and/or warm eastern exposures to maximize __________________.
Despite its northerly location, Alsatian vines typically ripen with greater regularity than those in the Loire or Northern Burgundy, due to the sheer number of _______________ hours in the summertime.
Throughout the entire Middle Ages, Alsace was a province of the ______________________________.
Germanic Holy Roman Empire
France developed into a centralized national state in the ___ & ___ centuries.
15th & 16th
As France developed into a centralized national state, they were put in a position which brought them into direct conflict with the ____________________ House, a branch of Europe’s most powerful dynasty.
Spanish Hapsburg House
The French-Hapsburg rivalry catapulted the "________________________" in Europe from a localized German religious dispute into a general European war for political dominance.
Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648)
In ____, French armies seized a majority of the region of Alsace to prevent it from falling into the hands of the Spanish Hapsburgs.
The _____________________ concluded the "Thirty Years’ War" in 1648.
Treaty of Westphalia
Germany claimed the Alsace territory with Lorraine at the conclusion of the __________________ in 1871
Alsace-Lorraine enjoyed an extremely brief period of total independence as the abdication of Germany’s ____________________ brought the end of World War I.
A _____________ after World War I, French troops quickly moved on Alsace-Lorraine and its capitol, Strasbourg, and re-incorporated the region into France.
Despite a short occupation by ________________ in the early 1940s, Alsace remains French.
Winegrowing in Alsace dates to the first __________________.
___ Alsatian villages were growing the vine by the year 1000, a trend that peaked in the 16th century.
The brutal ___________________ demolished winegrowing in the region and the political instability of the following 300 years repressed the resurgence of the vine.
Thirty Years’ War
French control following World War I reasserted viticulture in Alsace, yet many of the region’s current vineyards date to _______ & after.
1945 also marks the beginning of a divergence in _________ & _________ winemaking styles
French & German
German wines remained classically sweet, whereas Alsace producers fermented to __________ for a more powerful and food-friendly wine.
In _____, Alsace finally achieved AOC status—the last major French winemaking region to do so.
Alsatian vineyards have a myriad of what soil types?
Granite, limestone, schist, clay, gravel, chalk, loess, and the local pink sandstone—grés de Vosges—can be found throughout the region.
Although the soil structure varies greatly from village to village, the steeper mountain slopes of Alsace are generally composed of what soil types?
Schist, Granite & Volcanic Sediment.
The lower slopes of Alsace sit on a _______________ soil base.
The plain at the base of the Vosges Mountains consists of richer __________________ & ____________________ soils.
Alluvial Clay & Gravel