Alyssa bellochi Testing And Individual Differences Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Alyssa bellochi Testing And Individual Differences Vocab Deck (36):
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Intelligence tests

Tests designed to measure a person’s general mental abilities

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Intelligence

A general term referencing to the ability or abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior

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STERNBERGS TRIARCHIC THEORY OF INTELIGENCE

STERNS

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Componential intelligence

Compare, contrast, explain, analyze

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Experimental intelligence

Ability to use knowledge and experiences in new creative ways

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Contextual intelligence

Street smarts, real world situations

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THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES - GARDNER

Linguistic/ verbal
Logic/math
Visual/spatial
Music
Bodily-Kinesthetics
Interpersonal
Intrapersonal
Naturalist

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Binet-Simon scale

The first test of intelligence, developed for testing children

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Intelligence quotient (IQ)

An index of intelligence defined as mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100

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Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale

Termans adaptation of the Binet-Simon scale

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Weschler adult intelligence scale

Third edition- rates verbal and performance intelligence

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Wechsler intelligence scale for children

Verbal and performance

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Fluid intelligence

Involves reasoning ability, memory capacity and speed of info processing

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Crystallized intelligence

Ability to apply acquired knowledge and skills in problem solving

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Group tests

Any intelligence test that can be administered to a group of people with minimal supervision

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Performance tests

Intelligence tests that minimize the use of language

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Culture- fair tests

Test designed to minimize the importance of skills and knowledge that may be more common in some cultures than others

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Reliability

Ability of a test to produce consistent and stable scores

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Split half reliability

Method of determining test reliability by dividing the test into two parts and checking the agreement of scores on both parts

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Test retest reliability

Correlation between persons score on 2 separate administrations of test

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Equivalent form reliability

Correlation between performance on different test forms

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Inter eater reliability

Degree to which 2 or more independent observers agree

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Intra- rater reliability

Degree of agreement among repeated administrations of a diagnostic test performed by single rater

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Correlation coefficient

Statistical measure of the degree of association between 2 variables

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Validity

Ability of a test to measure what it has been designed to measure

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Face validity

The degree to which a test, subjectively appears to measure the variable or construct, that it’s supposed to measure

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Construct validity

How well a test or tool measures the constructs that it was designed to measure

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Content validity

Refers to a tests having an adequate sample of questions measuring the skills or knowledge it is supposed to measure

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Criterion- related validity

Validity of a test as measured by a comparison of the test score and independent measures of what the test is designed to measure

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Predictive validity

Measure of future performance

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Flynn effect

Performance on intel tests have been rising steadily

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Tacit knowledge

Knowledge one needs for success in completing particular practical tasks

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Mental retardation

The presence of a developmental disability, an IQ score below 70, or a significant impairment of adaptive behavior

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Giftedness

Refers to superior IQ combined with demonstrated or potential ability in such areas as academic aptitude, creativity and leadership

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Creativity

The ability to produce novel and socially valued ideas or objects

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Heritability

Measure of how much of a traits variation is explained by genetic factors
Range 0-1 genetics