Amino Acids Flashcards Preview

fundamentals of nutrition > Amino Acids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Amino Acids Deck (41):
1

Which amino acid helps absorb calcium into intestinal tract

Lysine

2

Which amino acid can assist with energy production in mitochondria ?

Isoleucine

3

Which amino acids help in energy production?

Leucine and isoleucine

4

What is the precursor of the amino acid tyrosine ?

Phenylalanine

5

What can phenylalanine form in the brain?

Norepinephrine (adrenaline)

6

What are clinical uses of phenylalanine?

Depression and bipolar disorders and pain reliever

7

What amino acid is used to help make niacin and serotonin ?

Tryptophan

8

What is main food source for tryptophan ?

Turkey

9

Which amino acid is necessary for formation of tooth enamel protein, elastin, collagen

Threonine

10

Which amino acid is the precursor of glycine and serine?

Threonine

11

Which 3 amino acids are necessary for muscle development and maintenance ?

Valine, leucine and isoleucine

12

Which amino acid can be metabolized to produce energy to spare glucose?

Valine

13

Which amino acid is associated with sickle cell disease

Valine

14

What are the 2 acidic amino acids?

Glutamic acid and aspartic acid

15

What amino acid is needed in times of growth and trauma?

Histidine

16

Which amino acid is found and metabolized in the human brain and important for mental health

Glutamic acid

17

Which amino acid is an intermediary metabolite of methionine?

Homocysteine

18

What is homocysteine so role in our health?

Cell, tissue, bone growth and insulin formation

19

What vitamins are needed to to metabolize homocysteine ?

B6, B12 and folate

20

Which amino acid promotes bone growth and formation of collagen?

Lysine

21

Which amino acid helps absorb calcium?

Lysine

22

Which vitamins are needed for metabolism of lysine?

B6, B3, B2, C, iron and glutamic acid

23

What vitamins are needed in production of serine?

B3, B6 and folic acid

24

Which amino acid is used in skin cream for its moisturizing properties

Serine

25

Which amino acid is essential to metabolism of ammonia and used as a growth hormone stimulant?

Arginine

26

What is glycine formed from?

Choline, thrown and serine

27

What amino acids can proline be made from ?

Glutamine and ornithine

28

Which amino acid is a main stimulant for the growth hormone?

Ornithine

29

Which amino acid is an important component of collagen?

Proline

30

What is taurine known as?

The sulfur sink

31

Which amino acid is know as the "antidepressant" amino acid

Tyrosine

32

Which amino acid can cause the maple syrup urine disease and pellagra ?

Leucine

33

What is disease condition associated with phenylalanine ?

PKU

34

What are clinical uses of phenylalanine ?

Depression and bi polar

35

What 4 amino acids is aspartic acid a precursor to ?

Methionine, threonine, isoleucine and lysine

36

Which amino acid is primary source of sulfur in body?

Methionine

37

What is methionine a precursor to?

Cysteine and taurine

38

What is ornithines main function?

Stimulant for growth hormone
(Body builders use it)

39

What is proline an important component of?

Collagen

40

What 2 amino acids can proline be made from?

Glutamine and ornithine

41

What 2 amino acids str used in mental health?

Tryptophan and glutamine