Analgesics - Drug Facts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Analgesics - Drug Facts Deck (12):
1

Acetaminophen

Tylenol

Antipyretic, Non-opiod analgesic

Pain and Fever

Inhibit synthesis of prostaglandins (involved in transmission of pain signals and fever)

OTC

2

Aspirin

Bayer Aspirin

Salicylates
Antipyretic, non-opiod analgesic

Rheumatoid arthritis
Osteoarthritis
Ischemic stroke and MI prophylaxis

Inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins
Decreases platelet aggregation

OTC

3

celecoxib

Celebrex

Non-opiod analgesic

Rheumatoid arth
Osteoarth
Acute pain
Relief of primary dysmenorrheal pain w/in 60 min

Inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins

Rx

4

Ibuprofren

Advil / Motrin

Non-opiod analgesic

treatment of mild to moderate pain
reduction of inflammation
treatment of rh arthritis, osteoarth, primary dysmenorrhea, gout, dental pain, musculoskeletal disorders, fever

Inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins

OTC / Rx

5

Naproxen

Aleve (OTC) / Naprosyn

Nonopioid Analgesic

treatment of mild to mod pain
reduction of inflammation
dysmenorrhea
fever

Inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins

OTC, Rx

6

Codeine

Opioid Analgesic

moderate to severe pain
nonproductive cough

7

Hydrocodone / Acetaminophen

Norco / Lortab / Vicodin

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid Agonist

moderate to severe pain

Alters perception and reaction to pain by binding to opiate receptors in the CNS, also suppresses the cough reflex

8

Hydromorphone

Dilaudid

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid Agonist

moderate to severe pain
nonproductive cough

Alters perception and reaction to pain by binding to opiate receptors in the CNS
Suppresses cough reflex

9

Meperidine

Demerol

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid agonists

moderate to severe pain
sedation

Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS

10

methadone

Dolophine / Methadose

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid Agonist

severe pain
detoxification / mgt of narcotic addiction

Suppresses withdrawal symptoms.
Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS - which causes decrease in cough reflex and GI motility.

11

morphine

MS Contin

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid Agonist

severe pain
pulmonary edema, MI

Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS - decrease in cough reflex and GI motility

12

oxycodone

OxyContin ( w/ apirin Percodan, w/ acetaminophen Percocet)

Opioid Analgesic
Opioid Agonist / Oag non-op anal comb)

severe pain

Binds to opiate receptors in CNS altering perception and sensation of pain, etc.