Anatomical Spaces (Chiro essentials pg14-19) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical Spaces (Chiro essentials pg14-19) Deck (27):
1

What are the boundaries of the thoracic outlet

T1 vertbra
1st rib
Manubrium of sternum

2

What makes us the roof of the thoracic outlet

Suprapleural membrane (sibsons fascia)

3

What are the boundaries of the axilla

Pectoralis major + minor
Subscapularis
Teres major
Latissiums dorsi
Upper 4 ribs
Serratus anterior
Bicipital groove of humerus

4

What are the 6 groups of lymph nodes found within the Axilla

Anteior (pectoral)
Posterior (subscapular)
Infraclavicular
Central
Apical
Lateral

5

What are the contents of the Axilla

Axillary artery
Axillary vein
Cords of the brachial plexus
Lymph nodes

6

What are the boundaries of the Quadrangular Space

Teres minor
Teres major
Long head of triceps
Humerus

7

What can be found within the Quadrangular space

Axillary nerve
Posterior Circumflex humeral artery + vein

8

What are the boundaries of the Triangluar space

Teres minor
Teres major
Long head of triceps

9

What seperates the Quadangular space from the triangular space

Long head of the triceps

10

What are the boundaries of the Cubital Fossa

Pronator teres (medial)
Brachioradialis (Lateral
An imaginary line between condyles

11

What are the contents of the cubital fossa (Name from lateral the medial)

radial nerve
Tendon of bicps brachii
Brachial artery
Median nerve

12

What are the boundaries of the anatomical snuff box

Tendon of abductor pollicis longus (anterior)
Tendon of extensor pollicis brevis (anerior)
Tendon of extensor pollicis longus (Posterior)

13

What makes up the floor of the anatomical snuff box

Styloid process of radius
Scaphoid
Trapezium
Base of 1st metacarpal

14

What are the contents of the anatomical snuffbox

Radial artery
Tendon of Extensor carpi radialis longus
Tendon of Extensor carpi radialis brevis

15

What are the boundaries of the Carpal tunnel

Roof = Flexor retinaculum
Floor = Scaphoid, Trapezium, Hamate, Pisiform

16

What are the contents of the Carpal Tunnel

Median nerve
Tendon of Felxor digitorum superficialis
Tendon of Flexor digitorum profundus
Tendon of Flexor pollicis longus

17

What branch of the median nerve passes over the flexor retinaculum, and is not affected by carpal tunnel syndrom thus allowing sensation of the palm to be intact

Superfical palmer branch of the median nerve

18

What is found within the Ulnar canal

Ulnar nerve

19

What is another name for the ulnar canal

Guyons canal

20

What are the boundaries of the inguinal canal

External oblique aponeurosis
Internal oblique aponeurosis

21

What is found within the inguinal canal

ilioinguinal nerve
Spermatic cord (Males)
round ligamen uterus (females)

22

What is found within the femoral canal

Lymph nodes

23

What are the boundaries of the adductor canal

Vastus medialis (anterolateral)
Sartorius (medial)
Adductor longus (posterior)
Adductor magnus (posterior)

24

What is contained within in the adductor canal

Femoral artery
Femoral vein
Saphenous nerve
Nerve to the vastus medialis

25

What is found within the popliteal fossa

Tibial nerve
Popliteal vein + artery

26

Where is the tarsal tunnel

Behind the medial malleolus
Under flexor retinaculum

27

What is found within the Tarsal tunnel

Tibialis posterior tendon
Flexor digitorum longus tendon
Poserior tibial artery and nerve
Flexor hallucis longus tendon


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