Flashcards in Anatomical Terminology Deck (22):
Name some features of the anatomical position
Arms at side
What is meant by anterior and posterior?
Anterior = Front of the body
Posterior = Back of the body
What is meant by superior and inferior?
Superior = Towards the head
Inferior = Towards the feet
When can the terms proximal and distal be used?
When describing 2 points on the SAME LIMB
What is meant by proximal and distal?
Proximal = closer to the main trunk of the body
Distal = further from the main trunk of the body
What is meant by medial and lateral?
Medial = Closer to the mid-line of the body
Lateral = Further from the midline of the body
What does cutting in the sagittal plane divide the body into?
Left and right portions
What does cutting in the coronal plane divide the body into?
Anterior and posterior portions
What does cutting in the transverse plane divide the body into?
Superior and inferior portions
What is meant by superficial and deep?
Superficial = close to the surface
Deep = further from surface
What two terms are used to describe the front and back surface of the hands?
Palmer and Dorsal
Palmer = palm
Dorsal = posterior hand
What two terms are used to describe the upper and lower surfaces of the foot?
Plantar and dorsal
Plantar = sole of foot
Dorsal = superior surface of foot
What are two specialist terms used to describe anatomy on the arm? What do they mean?
Ulnar and Radial
Ulnar = medial
Radial = lateral
What is meant by the terms ipsilateral and contralateral?
Ipsilateral = structures on the same side
Contralateral = structures on opposite sides
Where does movement occur?
At joints (in a given plane)
In which plane do flexion and extension movements take place?
In the sagittal plane
Where does abduction move structures?
Takes structures away from the midline of the body
Where does adduction move structures?
Back towards the midline of the body
In what plane do rotations take place?
The transverse plane, either medial (internal rotation) or lateral (external rotation)
Circumduction is a combination of which movements?
Flexion, extension, abduction and adduction
What two terms can be used specifically to describe movements of the forearm?
Pronation and supination
Pronation movement resulting in the back of the arm/hand showing