Anatomy 1 - Clinical Relevant Anatomy of the Heart Flashcards Preview

1st Year - Cardiology > Anatomy 1 - Clinical Relevant Anatomy of the Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy 1 - Clinical Relevant Anatomy of the Heart Deck (48):
1

What makes up the lung root?

Main bronchus
Pulmonary artery
Pulmonary veins
Pulmonary lymphatic vessels and bronchopulmonary lymph nodes
Pulmonary visceral afferents and autonomic motor nerves

2

Divisions of pericardium

Fibrous pericardium
Serous pericardium (divided into visceral serious pericardium and parietal serous pericardium)

3

What is epicardium another name for

Visceral serous pericardium (secretes pericardial fluid)

4

What happens if pericardial cavity fills with blood?Names
Treatment for this
Where is the needle inserted

Have haemopericardium and leads to a cardiac tamponade
Pericardiocentesis
Infrasternal angle

5

Transverse pericardial sinus?

Space within the pericardial cavity posterior to ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk

6

Surfaces of the heart

Anterior (sternocostal) surface
Base (posterior) surface
Inferior (diaphragmatic) surface

7

What often shifts the apex beat to the left

Cardiomegaly

8

What vessel sits in the coronary groove (coronary sulcus/ right atrioventricular groove)?What does this groove mark?

Right coronary artery
The division between the right atrium and right ventricle (tricuspid valve)

9

Is the vagus nerve or phrenic nerve closer to the heart

Vagus nerve

10

What vessel lies in the anterior interventricular groove?What does this groove indicate?

Left anterior descending artery
Boundary between the 2 ventricles

11

What sits in the posterior atrioventricular groove?Purpose of this?

Coronary sinus
Receives deoxygenated blood from most of the cardiac veins and drains into the right atrium

12

What normally sits in the posterior interventricular groove?

Posterior interventricular artery
Posterior interventircular vein

13

Where does the azygous vein drain?

SVC

14

What does the interatrial groove indicate

Boundary between the 2 atria

15

What does the coronary arteries do?

Provide an arterial blood supply to the myocardium and epicardium (located just deep to the epicardium usually embedded in adipose tissue)

16

Where do the coronary arteries arise?

From the ascending aorta

17

What normally forms between the right coronary artery and the circumflex artery

A small anastomose

18

Grooves of the heart (5)

coronary groove
left atrioventricular grove
anterior interventricular groove
posterior interventiruclar groove
interatrial groove

19

2 parts of the septum?

Interatrial septum (interatrial groove)
Interventricular septum (interventricular groove)

20

Where is the hole in an atrial septal defect and a ventricular septal defect?

interatrial septum
Interventircular spetum

21

What blood vessels open into the right atrium?

SVC
IVC
coronary sinus

22

Crista termanalis?

Smooth ridge of muscle in the lateral aspect of the RA which represents the junction between the sinus venosus and the heart

23

Ovale fossa?

an oval depression on the lower part of the septum of the right atrium; it is a vestige of the foramen ovale, and its floor corresponds to the septum primum of the fetal heart

24

Tricuspid valve cusps?

Anterior, posterior and septal

25

Pulmonary valve cusps

Anterior right and left

26

Aortic valve cusps

Right left and posterior

27

Mitral cusps

Anterior and posterior

28

Which valve has sinuses (spaces within he cusps)

Aortic

29

Which sinuses does the coronary arteries arise from

Right and left aortic sinuses

30

Parts of tricuspid and mitral valves

valve Leaflets, tendinous cords, papillary muscles

31

Moderator band?
Other name?

a thick bundle of muscle in the central part of the right ventricle of the heart. Carries fibres of the right bundle branch to the papillary muscle of the anterior cusp
Septomarginal trabercula

32

What may be visible in the interior of the left atrium

Remainders of the valve of foramen ovale

33

What neve passes down each side of the pericardium?(as if fused to it)

The phrenic nerves

34

Are the great vessels located within or out with the pericardium?

The proximal segments are within the pericardium which blends with their adventitia a little further distally

35

What does the right subclavian vein join with and to form what?

Right subclavian vein joins with the Internal jugular vein to form the left brachiocephalic vein

36

What joins to for the SVC?

The right brachiocephalic vein and the left brachiocephalic vein

37

What is the first branch from the arch of the aorta?

The brachiocephalic trunk

38

What joins to form the brachiocephalic trunk?

The right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery

39

What is the middle branch from the arch of the aorta?

The left common carotid artery

40

What is the 3rd branch from the arch of the aorta?

The left subclavian artery

41

What is the name of the 2 left pulmonary veins?

Superior and inferior left pulmonary veins

42

Look at blood vessels coming from the heart diagrams

...

43

What are the 2 named branches from the right coronary artery?

Right marginal arteryPosterior interventricular artery

44

Describe the coronary arteries on the left side of the heart?

Left (main stem) coronary artery branches from the ascending aorta
The most medial branch from this is the LAD (anterior inter ventricular artery) and from this branches the lateral (diagonal) branch
Left marginal artery also branches from the left coronary artery as well as the circumflex artery

45

Auscultation site of the aortic valve?

2nd right intercostal space sternal edge

46

Auscultation site of pulmonary valve?

2nd left intercostal space sternal edge

47

Auscultation site for tricuspid valve?

Left lower sternal edge

48

Auscultation site for mitral valve

5th left intercostal space midclavicular line