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Flashcards in ANATOMY Deck (49):
1

carotid sheath components (3)

common carotid artery
internal jugular vein
vagus nerve

2

level of diaphragm vena cava goes through

T8

VENA CAVA = 8 letters

3

level of diaphragm phrenic nerve goes through

T8

PHRENIC Nerve = 8 letters

4

level of diaphragm vagus nerve goes through

T10

VAGUS NERVE = 10 letters

5

level of diaphragm oesophagus goes through

T10

OESOPHAGUS = 10 letters

6

level of diaphragm thoracic duct goes through

T12

THORACIC DUCT = 12 letters

7

level of diaphragm thoracic aorta goes through

T12

THORACIC AORTA = 13 letters (basically 12 lol)

8

level of diaphragm azygous vein goes through

T12

AZYGOUS VEIN = 11 letters (basically 12 lol)

9

most deep belly muscle

which direction does it travel in

transverse abdominus

horizontal

10

superficial belly muscles (2) and their direction of travel

rectus abdominus - vertical
external oblique - diagonally outwards

11

layer of muscle above transverse abdominus

which direction does it travel in

internal obligue

diagonally inwards

12

which nerve travels posterior to lung hilum

vagus

13

which nerve travels anterior to lung hilum

phrenic

14

pivot joint example

vertebrae

15

plane joint example

carpals

16

ball and socket joint example (2)

shoulder, hip

17

hinge joint examples (2)

knee, elbow

18

flat bone examples (2)

sternum
skull

19

long bones examples (2)

femur
phalanges

20

sesamoid bone examples (2)

patella
thumb

21

short bone examples (2)

carpals
tarsals

22

irregular bones examples (2)

vertebrae
scapula

23

layers of the heart from outside to inside (3)

epicardium
myocardium
endocardium

24

cardiac muscle 2 features

striated
involuntary

25

2 features of smooth muscle

unstriated
involuntary

26

2 features of skeletal muscle

striated
voluntary

27

what is a bone to bone attachment

ligament

28

what is a bone to muscle attachment

tendon

29

what is an ectopic pregnancy

where does it happen

fertilised egg embedded in uterine tube

30

where does testes development begin

posterior wall of abdomen

31

through which canal do the testes descend

inguinal canal

32

3 main contents of spermatic cord

vas deferens
testicular artery
pampiniform plexus of veins

33

what is the nerve supply of an erection

parasympathetic

(Point = Parasympathetic, Shoot = Sympathetic)

34

what is the nerve supply of ejaculation

sympathetic

(Point = Parasympathetic, Shoot = Sympathetic)

35

what is the thoracic duct in between in the chest

oesophagus
azygous vein

(the 'duck' between 2 'gooses')

36

what move an ovum along the uterine tubes

cilia

37

what does the gubernaculum turn into in females after birth

ovarian ligament and round ligament of uterus

38

what is the tunica vaginalis

sac around the testes

39

where are sperm made

testes

40

where are sperm stored

epididymis

41

where does the right gonadal vein drain

IVC

42

where does the left gonadal vein drain

left renal vein

43

blood supply to/from testes

gonadal arteries/veins

44

lymph drainage from testes

lumbar nodes

bc of embryological origin in the posterior abdomen

45

lymph drainage from penis/scrotum

internal iliac nodes

46

blood supply to penis

deep artery of penis branch of internal pudendal artery from internal iliac

47

blood supply to scrotum (2)

internal pudendal artery from internal iliac
scrotal branches from external iliac artery

48

what is the purpose of the gubernaculum

path that guides the descent of testes

49

what is the tunica vaginalis

remnants of processus vaginalis