Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Chiro Essentials Anatomy > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (434)
Loading flashcards...
1

Anatomical position?

Body facing forward, limbs extended, palms facing forward

2

Simple squamous epithelium line?

Lymphatic and blood vessels, pleura and peritoneum

3

Stratified squamous epithelium line?

Skin, esophagus, lower half of the anal canal

4

Cuboidal epithelia line?

Bowman's capsule, convoluted tubules of the kidney, thyroid follicles.

5

Simple columnar epithelium line?

GI tract

6

Stratified columnar epithelium line?

Uterine tube

7

Pseudostratified columnar epithelia line?

Respiratory tract

8

Transitional epithelium line?

Ureter, urinary bladder, most of the urethra

9

How many embryo layers in the second week?

2 (bilaminar)

10

How many layers in the 3rd week of gestation?

3 (trilaminar)

11

Endoderm lies on the inside and gives rise to?

epithelium in the respiratory, GI and bladder (except trigone)

12

Ectoderm lies outside and gives rise to?

Epidermis (hair and melanocytes), retina, lens, CNS, PNS, pia and arachnoid mater, adrenal medulla

13

Mesoderm in the middle gives rise to?

Bones and muscles of trunk and extremities, cardiovascular system, spleen, kidney, ureter, and trigone of bladder, cartilage and muscle of respiratory system, adrenal cortex, thyroid glands, dermis of skin and dura mater of spinal cord

14

Suboccipital Triangle boundaries?

rectus capitis poster major, obliquus capitis superior, obliquus capitis inferior

15

Roof of suboccipital triangle?

deep fascia covered by semispinalis capitis

16

Floor of suboccipital triangle?

Posterior arch of C1 and posterior atlanto-occipital membrance

17

Contents of suboccipital triangle?

3rd part of vertebral artery, suboccipital N (dorsal ramus C1), suboccipital veins

18

What innervates all of the muscles forming the boundaries of the suboccipital triangle?

Dorsal Ramus of C1

19

Anterior cervical triangle boundaries?

anterior midline, inferior ramus of mandible and anterior border of SCM

20

Anterior cervical triangle roof?

skin, superficial fascia, investing layer of deep cervical fascia

21

Anterior cervical triangle contents?

carotid, submandibular, submental and muscular triangles

22

Carotid triangle boundaries?

SCM, posterior belly of digastric and superior belly of omohyoid

23

Roof of carotid triangle?

skin, subcutaneous fascia and investing layer of deep cervical fascia

24

Contents of the carotid triangle?

CN XI/XII, carotid sheath, containing common carotid artery, internal carotid artery, internal jugular V and CN X; lying anterior to the carotid sheath are lymph nodes and ansa cervicalis

25

Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle boundaries?

posterior and anterior bellies of digastric and inferior ramus of mandible

26

Roof of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle

skin, superficial fascia

27

Floor of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle

mylohyoid, hyoglossus and part of middle constrictor

28

Contents of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle

submandibular gland, nodes, facial vein and artery, hypoglossal and mylohyoid N

29

Submental (Suprahyoid) triangle boundaries?

anterior bellies of both digastric and hyoid bone

30

Submental (Suprahyoid) triangle roof?

skin, subcutaneous fascia