Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (434)
Body facing forward, limbs extended, palms facing forward
Simple squamous epithelium line?
Lymphatic and blood vessels, pleura and peritoneum
Stratified squamous epithelium line?
Skin, esophagus, lower half of the anal canal
Cuboidal epithelia line?
Bowman's capsule, convoluted tubules of the kidney, thyroid follicles.
Simple columnar epithelium line?
Stratified columnar epithelium line?
Pseudostratified columnar epithelia line?
Transitional epithelium line?
Ureter, urinary bladder, most of the urethra
How many embryo layers in the second week?
How many layers in the 3rd week of gestation?
Endoderm lies on the inside and gives rise to?
epithelium in the respiratory, GI and bladder (except trigone)
Ectoderm lies outside and gives rise to?
Epidermis (hair and melanocytes), retina, lens, CNS, PNS, pia and arachnoid mater, adrenal medulla
Mesoderm in the middle gives rise to?
Bones and muscles of trunk and extremities, cardiovascular system, spleen, kidney, ureter, and trigone of bladder, cartilage and muscle of respiratory system, adrenal cortex, thyroid glands, dermis of skin and dura mater of spinal cord
Suboccipital Triangle boundaries?
rectus capitis poster major, obliquus capitis superior, obliquus capitis inferior
Roof of suboccipital triangle?
deep fascia covered by semispinalis capitis
Floor of suboccipital triangle?
Posterior arch of C1 and posterior atlanto-occipital membrance
Contents of suboccipital triangle?
3rd part of vertebral artery, suboccipital N (dorsal ramus C1), suboccipital veins
What innervates all of the muscles forming the boundaries of the suboccipital triangle?
Dorsal Ramus of C1
Anterior cervical triangle boundaries?
anterior midline, inferior ramus of mandible and anterior border of SCM
Anterior cervical triangle roof?
skin, superficial fascia, investing layer of deep cervical fascia
Anterior cervical triangle contents?
carotid, submandibular, submental and muscular triangles
Carotid triangle boundaries?
SCM, posterior belly of digastric and superior belly of omohyoid
Roof of carotid triangle?
skin, subcutaneous fascia and investing layer of deep cervical fascia
Contents of the carotid triangle?
CN XI/XII, carotid sheath, containing common carotid artery, internal carotid artery, internal jugular V and CN X; lying anterior to the carotid sheath are lymph nodes and ansa cervicalis
Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle boundaries?
posterior and anterior bellies of digastric and inferior ramus of mandible
Roof of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle
skin, superficial fascia
Floor of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle
mylohyoid, hyoglossus and part of middle constrictor
Contents of Submandiblar (Digastric) triangle
submandibular gland, nodes, facial vein and artery, hypoglossal and mylohyoid N
Submental (Suprahyoid) triangle boundaries?
anterior bellies of both digastric and hyoid bone