Flashcards in Anatomy & Physiology Deck (67):
What is physiology?
body and organ function
What is the average temperature for animals?
movement away from the median plane
movement toward the median plane
toward the front of the body
the back surface of the body
towards the tail
toward the head
relating to the skin
pertaining to the back or the upper surface of the animal
away from the back or top line of the body
straightening of the limbs and vertebral column
bending of the limbs at the joints, and bending of the vertebral column
away from the median plane
toward the medial plane
through the midline of the body, divides the body into right and left halves
situated in or being the median plane or any plane parallel to the median plane
a projection or outgrowth
usually applied to the limbs, toward the attached portion or major body mass
farthest from the major body mass
toward the surface
a plane across the body at right angles to the median plane
Infra or sub
below or beneath
above or super
What is skin?
Exterior covering of body
Continuous with exterior of respiratory, urogenital and digestive tracts
What is the epidermis?
outer layer of epithelial cells
What is the dermis?
connective tissue, blood vessels, lymph, nerves, glands, hair follicles.
What are the functions of skin?
Responds to environment (sensory nerves)
Secretion and excretion
What are the functions of the skeletal system?
Provides rigidity and for (support)
Act as levers
Site for red blood cell formation
What does tarsal refer to?
What does carpal refer to?
What two bones are fused together?
Radius and Ulna
What is the muscle that lies between the rib?
What does intra mean?
What does inter mean?
Where is a ball and socket joint located?
Where is a hinged joint located?
Where is a pivot joint located?
Where is a glide joint located?
What is the name for red blood cells?
What is the function of red blood cells?
carry oxygen and CO2
What does the nervous system do?
carries signals from sensory organs to the brain and signals from the brain to muscles and tissues
What does the central nervous system consist of?
Brian and spinal cord
What does the peripheral nervous system consist of?
Cranial and spinal nerves
What is a nerve cell?
What receives signals from adjacent cells?
What carries the signal along the length of the cell via action potential?
What holds neurotransmitters to communicate with the dendrites of the next neuron?
What is a synapse?
the space between the dendrites of one cell and terminal bulbs of the next
What type of control does skeletal muscle have?
What type of control does cardiac muscle have?
What type of control does smooth muscle have?
What type of banding does skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle have?
What type of shape does skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle have?
What type of nuclei does skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle have?
What are arteries?
thick vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood
What are veins?
What are capillaries?
What is systemic circulation?
moves oxygenated blood to body and returns venous (deoxygenated) blood to heart
What is pulmonary circulation?
veins carry oxygenated blood
What is fasciculi?
bundles of muscle fibers
What are myofibrils?
long, thin, cylindrical rods
a site of force production within muscle fibers
What are myofilaments?
protein filaments of the myofibril
What is a sarcomere?
Smallest functional contractile unit