Flashcards in Anatomy & Term Ch 1-4 Exam Prep Deck (53):
Skin and sense organs. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands, eye, ear, nose, throat and tongue.
Bnes, cartilage, ligaments
Heart, blood vessels ( arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels, and nodes, spleen and thymus gland
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves
Nose, larynx (voice box), trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines (small and large), liver, gall bladder, pancreas
Kidneys, ureters (tubes from kidney to bladders), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from bladder to outside of the body)
Female: Ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
Male: testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
Thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, pituitary gland, parathyroid glands
Flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints. For example, it surrounds the trachea, and forms part of the nose and ear.
Someone who studies tissues.
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Endocrine Gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck.
Name 5 Body Cavities:
One of those can be further divided into 2 spaces, which 1, and what are they?
Thoracic, Pleural Cavity, and Mediastinum
There are how many lobes of the lungs?
Muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The diaphragm moves up and down and aids in breathing.
Centrally located space outside of and between the lungs
Double folded membrane surrounding each lung.
Pertaining to the front
How many abdominopelvic Regions are there?
Looks just like a tic tac toe board. I'm going number the squares like a telephone keypad for easy reference.
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
Center Square of the Abdominopelvic Regions, # 5 on the phone.
Region of the naval or umbilicus.
Right Middle Square of the Abdominopelvic Regions, #4
Right Lumbar Region
Right middle region near the waist.
Left Middle Square of the Abdominopelvic Region, #6
Left Lumbar Region
Left middle region near the waist.
Right Upper Square of Abdominopelvic Regions, #1
Right Hypochondriac Region
Right upper region below(hypo) the cartilage(chondr/o) of the ribs that extend over the abdomen.
Left Upper Square of the Abdominopelvic Regions, #3
Left Hypochondriac Region
Left upper region below the rib cage.
Lower Center Section of the Abdominopelvic Regions, #8
Middle lower region below the stomach region
Right Lower Square of the Abdominopelvic Regions, #7
Right Inguinal Region
Right lower region near the groin (Inguinal/o = groin)
Left Lower Region of the Abdominopelvic Regions, #9
Left Lower Inguinal Region
What is in the Right Upper Quadrant?
Liver(right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestine.
What is in the Left Upper Quadrant?
Liver(left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestine.
What is in the Right Lower Quadrant?
Parts of the small and large intestine, right overly, right Fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
What is in the Left Lower Quadrant?
Parts of the small and large intestine, left ovary, left Fallopian tube, left ureter.
Divisions of the Spinal Column
There are 5, name them and how many vertebrae each.
1. Cervical. C7
2. Thoracic. T12. Each one joined to a rib
3. Lumbar. L5
4. Sacral. S5. 5 pieces fused to form 1 piece, the Sacrum
5. Coccygeal. 4 pieces fused to form I small bone, the Coccyx
To pull towards
To push away, take away.
To lay down on your stomach.
To lay down on your back.
Near the point of attachment
Away from the point of attachment.
To the middle
To the side
Vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions. I.e. common chest X-ray
Lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body into left and right sides.
A midsagittal plane divides into right and left halves.
A lateral chest X-ray is taken in the sagittal plane.
Horizontal (cross sectional) plane running across the body parallel to the ground. Divides the body into an upper and lower portion.
What are the 3 different type of blood cells?
Erythrocytes - red blood cells
Leukocytes - white blood cells
Thrombocytes - platelets
What do Erythrocytes do?
The protein Hemoglobin within them carry oxygen, which they carry to all the cells of the body. The cells use the oxygen to burn food and release energy, catabolism.
Leukocytes are broken down into 2 catagories according to their nuclei. What are they?
1. Polymorphonuclear cells, or Granulocytes - contain dark-staining granules in their cytoplasm and have a multi-lobed nucleus. They are formed in the bone marrow, and there are 3 types.
2. Mononuclear cells, or Agranulocytes - have one large nucleus and only a few granules in their cytoplasm. They are produced in bone marrow, AND lymph nodes, AND spleen, and there are 2 types.
What are the 3 types of Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes (Granulocytes)?
1. Eosinophils - [granules stain red (eosin = rosy) with acidic stain.] are active and increased in number in allergic conditions such as asthma. About 3% of Leukocytes are this type.
2. Basophils - [granules stain blue with basic (bas/o = basic) stain] The function of Basophils is not clear, but the number of these cells increases in the healing phase of inflammation. Less than 1% of Leukocytes are this type.
3. Neutrophils - [granules stain a pale purple with neutral stain] are important disease fighting cells. They are Phagocytes (phag/o = eating swallowing) they engulf and digest bacteria. They are the most numerous disease fighting soldiers. 50% - 60% of of Leukocytes are neutrophils and are referred to as " polys " because of their multi lobed nucleus.
What are the 2 types of Mononuclear Leukocytes, or Agranulocytes?
1. Lymphocytes - (Lymph cells) fight disease by producing antibodies that destroy foreign cells OR they may attach directly to foreign cells and destroy them. Two types of lymphocytes: T-cells and B-cells. About 32% of Leukocytes are lymphocytes.
2. Monocytes - ( Cells with one [Mon/o = one] very large nucleus) engulf and destroy cellular debris after neutrophils have attacked and destroyed foreign cells. Monocytes leave the bloodstream and enter tissues (such as lung and liver) to become macrophages, which are large phagocytes. They are 4% of Leukocytes.