Anatomy & Term. Chapter 16 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy & Term. Chapter 16 Vocabulary Deck (24):
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Adipocyte

Fat cell

1

Albino

Person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin).

2

Apocrine Sweat Gland

One of the large exocrine sweat glands located in the axilla and the genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor.

3

Basal Layer

Deepest region of the epidermis; it gives rise to all the epidermal cells.

4

Collagen

Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue.

5

Cuticle

Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate.

6

Dermis

Middle layer of of skin

7

Eccrine Sweat Gland

Most numerous sweat producing gland in the skin.

8

Epidermis

Outermost layer of the skin.

9

Epithelium

Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body.

10

Hair Follicle

Sac within which each hair grows

11

Integumentary System

The skin and it's accessory structures such as hair and nails.

12

Keratin.

Hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails. Keratin means horn and commonly is found in the horns of animals.

13

Lunula

The half-moon shaped, whitish area at the base of a nail.

14

Melanin

Skin pigment. It is formed by melanocytes in the epidermis. Eumelanin is brown-black pigment, while phenomena in is red-yellow

15

Paronychium

Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.

16

Pore

Tiny opening on the surface of the skin.

17

Sebaceous Gland

Oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hair follicles.

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Sebum

Oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands.

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Squamous Epithelium

Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.

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Stratified

Arranged in layers

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Stratum
Plural - Strata

A layer of cells

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Stratus Corneum

Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened,
keratinized cells.

23

Subcutaneous Layer

Innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue.