Flashcards in Anatomy and physiology ch.1 The Human Organism Deck (91):
study of the body by systems
the study of the body by regions
the study of the structure of the body
the use of x-rays, mris, cat scans.
the study of the function of body parts
6 levels of the human body
5. organ system
atoms combine to form molecules
molecules combine to form a cell
similar cells combine to form tissue
similar tissues combine to form organs
organs with similar functions make an organ system
a combination of organ systems
provides protection, regulates temp, prevents water loss, and helps produce vitamin D.
consists of hair, skin, nails, sweat glands
provides protection, movement, makes blood cells, stores minerals and fat, consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and joints
provides movement and produces body heat. consists of muscles attached to the skeleton by tendons. 3 types of muscle: smooth, cardiac, and skeletal
removes foreign substances from the blood, assists in the production of lymphocytes, maintains fluid in tissues, and absorbs fat/ fat soluble materials from the digestive tract. consists of the lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, pancreas
consists of the nose, the nasal cavity, the larynx, the trachea, the bronchial tree, and the lungs.
used for breathing, serves to extract oxygen and release carbon dioxide buildup (gas exchange). helps to maintain the ph balance of the body.
consists of the mouth, the throat, the esophagus, the stomach, the small intestine, the large intestine, the rectum, and the anus. functions to ingest food, digest, absorb nutrients from food, and eliminates waste.
consists of the brain, the spinal cord, nerves, detects changes outside and inside of the body. serves the body to control the muscles
introduces hormones into the body, regulates growth, controls blood sugars, regulates metabolism.
moves blood around the body. used to move nutrients, respiratory gases, waste products, and hormones.
consists of the kidneys, the ureters, the urinary bladder, and the urethra. moves nitrogenous wastes, regulates body PH, and maintains fluids and ion balance.
consists of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, testes, seminal vesicle, vas deferens, and the penis.
monitors the value of a varible
establishes a set point which a variable is to be maintained around
something that can change the value of the variable
goes away from homeostasis. i.e. during birth, the brain will tell the body to contract more to release the baby
standing straight up, feet forward, and palms facing out.
going towards the head or cephalically
moving towards the feet
dealing with the feet
going to the center line of the body
going away from the center line of the body
meaning close by to a point
meaning far away from a point
ventral of the front of the body
dorsal or the back of the body
separating the left and right halves of the body
line in the middle of the body separating left and right halves
splits the body into superior and inferior halves
the coronal plane, splits the body into a posterior half and an anterior half
splits the body into a diagonal plane
the head area
the eye region
the nose region
the mouth region
the ear region
the cheek region
the front of the neck
the trunk of the body above the diaphragm
the chest area
the nipple region
the hip region
the area around the genitals
the bend in the elbow
digits of the hand and the foot
the thigh region
the back of the knee
the sole of the foot
point between hips
the back of the head
the back of the neck
the point of the shoulder
the lower back
contains the heart, the lungs, and the mediastinum
contains part of the heart, the thymus, the trachea, the esophagus
contains the lungs
sac that contains the heart
tic tac toe grid of the abdomen
r hypochondriac, r lumbar, r iliac, epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric, l hypochondriac, l lumbar, l iliac
inner wall of the serous membrane
outer wall of the serous membrane
the abdominal membrane that covers the abdominal wall and the organs
attaches the organ to the abdominal wall