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PLE SEPTEMBER 2018 > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (54):
1

All Lumbar nerves EXCEPT _____ (2) emerges lateral to the Psoas Muscles

Genitofemoral (Anterior)
Obturator (Medial)

2

Areas with PSEUDOSTRATIFIED epithelium

Trachea
Bronchi
Male reproductive tract

3

Paranasal Sinuses present at birth

Mnemonic: who is present at birth? Ofcourse, ME!

Maxillary
Ethmoid

4

Major blood supply of nasal cavity

Sphenopalatine artery

5

Epistaxis due to nosepicking

Injury to Keisselbach's plexus

6

Part of Keisselbach's plexus

GASS

Great palatine
Anterior ethmoidal
Sphenopalatine
Superior Labial

7

Purely serous gland

Parotid gland

8

Post-gustatory sweating after parotidectomy

Frey's syndrome

9

Damage to these nerves causes frey's syndrome

Auricotemporal nerve
Great auricular nerve

10

Danger space

Retropharyngeal space

11

STRAP muscles

Thyrohyoid
Omohyoid
Sternohyoid
Sternothyroid

12

Innervation of strap muscles

Ansa cervicalis except thyrohyoid (c1, c2)

13

Innervation of laryngeal muscles

Recurrent laryngeal nerves except cricothyroid (external branch of superior laryngeal nerve)

14

Transected in thyroidectomy. In clkse proximity to recurrent laryngeal nerve.

Ligament of Berry
(Posterior thyroid ligament)

15

TOC for thyroglossal duct cyst

Sistrunk procedure

16

Weakest portion of the esophagus

Killian's triangle

17

Bird's beak appearance on barium study

Achalasia

18

Nutcracker syndrome

Conpression of Left renal vein between SMA and Aorta

19

These structures is at risk for injury if there is surgical neck humeral fracture

Axillary nerve and Posterior humeral circumflex artery

20

Structure that transmits suprascapular nerve

Suprascapular notch

21

Site of fracture that commonly injures radial nerve and deep brachial artery

Humeral shaft

22

Fracture in children that fell on outstretched arm. Injures median nerve

Supracondylar humeral fracture

23

Fracture that damages ulnar nerve

Medial epicondyle humeral fracture

24

Dinner fork deformity

Colles fracture

25

Transmits axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery

Rotator Cuff Muscles

26

Joints: Sternoclavicular

Plane

27

Joints: Acromioclavicular

Plane

28

Elbow, Knee, Ankle

Hinge/ Ginglymus

29

Atlantoaxial, Radioulnar

Pivot/Trochoid

30

MCP/ Knuckles

Condyloid

31

Wrist

Ellipsoidal

32

Carpometacarpal of thumb

Saddle

33

Shoulder, hip

Ball and socket/ enarthrosis

34

Immovable joints

Synarthroses

35

Slightly moveable joints

Amphiarthroses

36

Freely moveable joints

Diarthroses

37

Rotator cuff muscles

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres MINOR
Subscapularis

38

Shoulder joint is weakest _____

Inferiorly

39

First bone to ossify

Clavicle

40

Contents of Quadrangular space

Axillary Nerve
Posterior Circumflex Humeral Vessels

41

Contents if Triangular Space

Circumflex Scapular Vessels

42

Anterior compartment of the arm

Action

Flexor

43

Anterior compartment of the arm

INNERVATION

Musculocutaneous nerve

44

Main flexor of forearm

Brachialis

45

Main supinator of forearm

Biceps brachii

46

Anterior compartment of Forearm: Action

Flexors

47

Anterior compartment of Forearm: innervation

Median nerve except FCU and FDP which are innervated by the ulnar nerve

48

Posterior compartment of the arm

ACTION

Extensor

49

Posterior compartment of the arm

Innervation

Radial nerve

50

Main extensor of the arm

Triceps brachii

51

Common flexor tendon is found on the ____

Medial epicondyle of the humerus

52

Medial epicondylitis

Golfer's elbow

53

Lateral epicondylitis

Tennis elbow

54

Contents of Cubital fossa

Medial to Lateral

Median nerve
Brachial artery
Biceps brachii tendon
Radial nerve