Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, & Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, & Physiology Deck (20):
1

diaphragm

thick, dome-shaped muscle,
separates the abdomen from the thorax

2

efferent neurons

transmit info AWAY from the brain

3

hypothalamus

controls emotions

4

thalamus

relays sensory impulses to various portions of the cerebral cortex

5

diencephalon

important structure adjacent to the brainstem,
contains hypothalamus & thalamus

6

corpus striatum

composed of 3 nuclear masses:
globus pallidus,
caudate nucleus,
putamen

7

cerebellum

critical to speech production,
helps coordinate & regulate neural impulses to & from brain,
regulates: body posture, equilibrium, & coordinated fine-motor movements

8

anterior cerebral artery

anterior cerebral artery supplies blood to the
corpus callosum
& basal ganglia

9

aryepiglottic folds

aryepiglottic folds composed of a ring of connective tissue & muscle extending from the tips of the arytenoid cartilages to the larynx,
separate the laryngeal vestibule from the pharynx,
help preserve the airway

10

CN X

the vagus innervates the:
larynx,
levator veli palatini,
palatoglossus,
palatopharyngeus

11

palatoglossus

contributes to velopharyngeal closure
through elevating & depressing the velum

12

tensor veli palatini

contributes to velopharyngeal closure through tensing the velum

13

levator veli palatini

contributes to velopharyngeal closure through elevating the velum

14

lingual frenum

structure at the inferior portion of the tongue,
connects the tongue with the mandible

15

genioglossus

muscle that is most involved when producing voiced & voiceless /th/

16

cerebellar damage

ataxia
dysarthria

17

brainstem

midbrain, pons, medulla,
connects spinal cord with the brain
via diencephalon

18

brain structures

brainstem,
reticular activating system,
diencephalon,
basal ganglia,
cerebellum,
cerebrum (cerebral cortex)

19

meninges

consist of the:
dura mater,
pia mater,
& arachnoid

20

corpus callosum

commissural fiber
connects the 2 cerebral hemispheres