Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Deck (26):
1

Name the structures.

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Female External Genitalia

  1. Mons pubis
  2. Prepuce of clitoris
  3. Clitoris (head)
  4. Vestibule
  5. Anus

2

Name the structures.

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External Female Genitalia 

  1. Labia majora
  2. Labia minora
  3. Urethral orifice
  4. Hymen (ruptured)
  5. Vaginal origice
  6. Opening of the duct of the greater vestibular gland

3

What organs of the female are considered part of the vulva?

Vulva

(external genitals of female)

  1. labia minora
  2. labia majora
  3. clitoris
  4. glands (vestibular(
  5. vagina

4

What organs of the female are considered part of the vestibule?

Vestibule 

("entrance") 

  1. labia minora
  2. clitoris
  3. vaginal orifice
  4. vestibular glands

*Not the labia majora

5

What organs of the female are considered part of the perineum?

Perineum

("peri-care")

  1. Vulva
    1. labia majora
    2. labia minora
    3. clitoris
    4. glands (vestibular)
    5. vagina
  2. Anus
  3. Mons pubis

6

Name the structures 1-8

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Internal Female Genitalia 

  1. Vagina
  2. Cervix of uterus
  3. Isthmus of uterus
  4. Body of uterus
  5. Fundus of uterus
  6. Endometrium 
  7. Myometrium
  8. Perimetrium 

7

Name the structures 9-15

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Internal Female Genitalia 

9. Frimbriae

10. Ampulla of uterine tube

11. Isthmus of uterine tube

12. Ovary

13. Ovarian ligament

14. Infundibulum of uterine tube

15. Suspensory ligament 

8

Name the structure and its part. 

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Vagina 

  1. Rugae
    1. Rugae are small pleats that allow the vagina to be both very small and compact, and then to expand to many times its original size when necessary.
    2. Rugae is kind of like ruching!

9

Name the structure and it's parts. 

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Internal Female Genitalia

  1. Cervix
  2. External os
    1. External orifice
  3. Internal os
    1. Internal orifice 

10

Name the structure and its parts

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Uterus

  1. Uterus
  2. Cervix
  3. Body of uterus
  4. Fundus of uterus 

11

Name the three layers of the uterus

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Layers of the uterus

  1. Perimetrium
    1. "Perimeter"
  2. Myometrium
    1. "Muscle"
  3. Endometrium 
    1. "Inner"

12

Name the structure and direction

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  1. Lateral fornix

13

Name the structures

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Internal Female Genitalia

  1. Rectouterine pouch
  2. Posterior fornix
  3. Anterior fornix
  4. Vesicouterine pouch

14

Name the two layers the endometrium is divided into and their function. 

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Endometrium is divided into two layers: 

  1. Stratum functionalis
    1. "Functional layer"
    2. Shed during menstruation
  2. Stratum basalis
    1. "Basal Layer"
    2. Gives rise to the stratum functionalis

15

Define mentruation/menses. 

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Menstruation/menses

The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called menorrhea, the time during which menstruation occurs is referred to as menses. The menses occurs at approximately 4 week intervals to compose the menstrual cycle.

16

Name the structure and its parts. 

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Uterine tubes (fallopian tubes)

  1. Fimbrae
  2. Infundibulum
  3. Isthmus
  4. Ampulla

17

Name the structure and its part

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Ovaries

  1. Tunia albuguinea
    1. White fibrous connective tissue layer 

18

Define ectopic pregnancy. 

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Ectopic pregnancy

  • An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the main cavity of the uterus
    • May occur in the fallopian tubes, abdominal cavity, ovary, or cervix

19

Name the supporting ligaments 

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Supporting Ligaments 

  1. ovarian ligament
  2. mesosalpinx
  3. suspensory ligament
  4. mesovarian
  5. mesometrium
  6. round ligament
  7. cardinal ligament
  8. uterosacral ligament
  9. broad ligament
    1. mesosalpinx
    2. mesovarian
    3. mesometrium 

20

What is the purpose of the female reproductive system?

Purpose of Female Reproductive System

  1. It produces the oocytes 
  2. Produces estrogen and progesterone
  3. Carries the fertilized zygote to term 

21

Identify histology. Name the structure and its parts.

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Uterine tube

  1. Smooth muscle
  2. Folded mucosa

*Has ciliated epithelium

22

Name the structure and its parts.

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Uterus

  1. (Endometerium) basal layer
  2. Myometrium 

23

Name the structure and its function.

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Uterine Tube

  1. Ciliated epithelium
  2. Folded mucosa
  3. Smooth muscle

24

Name the structure and its parts

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Uterus

  1. Endometrium
  2. Myometrium
  3. Perimetrium

25

Name the structure and its parts. 

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Uterus

  1. Myometrium
  2. Endometerium
  3. Basal layer
  4. Functional layer

26

Name the structure and its parts

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Uterus

  1. Serosa
  2. Myometrium