Anatomy Of The Liver, Gallblader And Spleen Flashcards Preview

Basic Haemotology (1204) > Anatomy Of The Liver, Gallblader And Spleen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Of The Liver, Gallblader And Spleen Deck (62):
1

What is the largest internal body organ and gland

Liver

2

What is the average weight of the liver

1.5kg

3

Where is the liver found

Upper abdominal cavity, extends from right upper quandary to left upper quadrant of the abdomen

4

How is the liver attached to the diaphragm

Falciform and coronary ligaments
Left and right triangular ligaments

5

What are the functions of the liver

Bile production and secretion
Detoxification
Storage of glycogen
Protein synthesis
Production of heparin and bike pigments
Erythropoiesis In fetus

6

What are the two surfaces of the liver called

Diaphragmatic surface, Visceral Surface

7

True or False, the Diaphragmatic surface is the anterior liver part

True

8

Describe the shape of the Diaphragmatic surface

Surface, done shaped

9

What position is the diaphragmatic surface to the diaphragm

Inferior

10

What separates the diaphragm from the Diaphragmatic surface

Subphrenic recess

11

What separates the Diaphragmatic surface from the posterior organs (kidney and Suprarenal glands)

Hepatorenal recess

12

In the visceral surface, everywhere is covered by the visceral surface except

Porta Hepatis
Gall bladder

13

What is located on the right side of the stomach in relation to the visceral surface of the liver

gastric and pyloric areas

14

What is located on the superior part of the duodenum in relation to the visceral surface of the liver

Duodenal Area

15

What part of the visceral surface is related to the right transverse area of the liver

colic area

16

What part of the visceral surface of the liver is in relation to right kidney and suprarenal gland

Renal area

17

What are the different lobe of the liver

Right and left lobe

18

True or False, both lives of the liver have the same blood supply but different nerve supply

False both blood and nerve supply is different

19

What are the blood supplies for the liver

Hepatic artery and portal vein

20

Where does the blood go out through in the liver

Biliary drainage

21

What is the right lobe of the liver demarcated by

Gallbladder fossa, inferior vena cava fossa, imaginary line from fundus of gallbladder and inferior vena cava

22

What are the two segments of the left lobe

Medial and lateral segments

23

What is the name of the medial superior lobe of the liver

Caudate lobe

24

What is the name of the medial inferior lobe of the liver

Quadrate lobe

25

What cavity separates Spleen and diaphragm from the rib

Pleural cavity

26

What system does the spleen belong to

Reticulo-endothelial

27

What is the main function of the spleen

Haematopoiesis in fetal life
Reutilization of Iron from haemoglobin of destroyed red blood cells

28

What two structures in the spleen are separated by the marginal sinus

Red and white pulp

29

What is the red pulp composed of

Sinus, splenic cord, marginal zone

30

What are the two main functions of the red pulp

Filter RBC
Reserve monocytes

31

What is the white pulp composed of

Malpighian corpuscles

32

What is the main function of the white pulp

Help in the active immune response

33

The number of modules develop, which fuses to form

Lobulated spleen

34

What provides evidence of the spleen multiple origin

Notching of the superior border of the adult spleen

35

The modules that fail to fuse form

Accessory Spleen

36

What is another name for an accessory spleen

Splenunculi

37

Where can the accessory spleen be found

Dorsal Mesogastrium
Broad Ligament of the uterus
Spermatic Cord

38

Where does the position of the spleen lie

Hypochondrium, Epigastrium

39

Where does the position of the spleen extends in relation to the ribs

9th and 11th ribs

40

Where does the spleen lie between in relation to the organs

Fundus of stomach
Diaphragm

41

The axis of the spleen lie along which rib

10th rib

42

What positions are the axis of the spleen directed

Downwards, forwards and laterally

43

How many ends does the spleen have
What are they

2
Anterior/Lateral end and Posterior/Medial End

44

What line does the Anterior/Lateral end of the spleen reach

Mid Axillary line

45

What pole of which organ does the posterior or medial end of the spleen rest

Upper pole of the left kidney

46

What are the two borders of the spleen

Superior and inferior

47

Which border presents one or two notches near the anterior end

Superior Border

48

True or False the inferior end is rounded

True

49

Where positions are the anterior or Lateral end directed

Downwards, Forwards

50

What positions are the posterior or medial end directed

Upwards, backwards and medially

51

Describe the Diaphragmatic surface of the spleen

Convex and smooth

52

Describe the visceral surface of the spleen

Concave and irregular

53

What is the visceral surface of the spleen related to

Fundus of stomach
Anterior surface of left kidney
The splenic flexure of colon
Tail of pancreas

54

What is the Diaphragmatic surface of the spleen related to

Diaphragm
Lt lung and pleura
Costodiaphragmatic recess
9th, 10th and 11th ribs on the left side

55

What are the impressions on the visceral surface of the spleen

Renal
Gastric
Pancreatic
Colic

56

What are ligaments of the visceral surface of the spleen

Gastrosplenic
Sphlenorenal

57

Where does the splenic artery arise and runs along

arises from the coelic trunk and runs along the upper border of the body and tail of the pancreas to which gives small branches

58

What arterial branches run between the gastrosplenic ligament

Short gastric and left gastroepiploic

59

What does the main splenic artery divide into

Superior and inferior branches

60

What vein does the splenic vein drain into

Portal vein

61

What is the nerve supply of the spleen

Sympathetics from coelic plexus

62

What does the coelic plexus supply

Blood vessels and smooth muscle of trabeculae