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Cardio unit 5 > Anatomy of the lungs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy of the lungs Deck (25)
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1

which pleura is sensitive to pain, which one is insensitive?

visceral = insensitive
parietal = sensitive

2

what nerve innervates the visceral and parietal pleura

visceral = vagus
pariertal = intercostal nerve

3

what is the name of the recess that accumulates when in an erect position

costodiaphragmatic recess

4

what are the 4 parts of the parietal pleura

cervical
costal
mediastinal (innervated by intercostal)
diaphragmatic ( innervated by phrenic)

5

which fissure is near the 4th rib

horizontal fissure

6

which fissure is near the 6th rib

oblique

7

how many lobes does the r lung have and what are they

3 - superior, middle, inferior

8

how many lobes does the left lobe have

2 - superior and inferior

9

on what lung and which lobe is the lingula

left superior lobe

10

in what lung and which lobe is the cardiac notch

left lobe, superior

11

where does the oblique fissure extend to

t3 to 6th rib

12

the most anterior vein on the right lung is ... the most posterior vein on the right lung is ....

superior pulmonary vein = superior
inferior pulmonary vein = inferior

13

which nerve is located infront of the root of the lung, which one is located behind the root of the lung

phrenic = infront
vagus = behind

14

which portion of the heart is in contact with the right lung

right atrium

15

what chamber of the heart is located in the cardiact notch ?

the left ventricle is in contact with the cardiac notch

16

there is a tumor in the cardiac notch, what chamber of the heart will be compressed

left ventricle

17

where is the pleura in relation to these landmarks, and how is it related to lungs

midclavicular line
midaxillay line
paravertebral line

midclavicular line - 8th rib --> 6th lung
midaxillary line - 10th rib --> 8th lung
paravertebral line -12th rib --> 10th lung

18

someone aspirates something which lung is it more liekely to go into

the RIGHT main broncus this is because the RIGHT lung is wider. and more verticle

19

what is the nerve of the lungs

phrenic

20

a child is in an erect position and food gets aspirated which lung and lobe is it in

posterior basal segment of the right lung

21

a child is in a supine position and aspirates food which lobe will food go to

the lower lobe of the left lung

22

the medial and lateral segments of the right lung correspond to what areas of the left lung

superior lingular and inferior lingular

23

what happens in a pnumothorx

air gets into the pleural cavity causing the lung to collapse

24

a person has a tumor in the lung apex resulting in constricting of eyes because the sympathetic nerve is compressed what is this caused

pancoasts tumor

25

on x ray a person has a flattened costodiaphragmatic angle what is the cause of this

pleaural effusion