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Flashcards in Anatomy Prep Deck (54):
1

The six trunks of the axillary artery and their branches are...

- superior thoracic
- thoracoacromial trunk (4 branches)
- lateral thoracic
- subscapular (circumflex scapular, thoracodorsal)
- anterior circumflex humeral
- posterior circumflex humeral

2

The superior thoracic artery supplies what?

the 1st and 2nd IC spaces plus serratus anterior

3

The lateral thoracic artery supplies what?

the mammary gland

4

The subscapular gives off what two branches?

- circumflex scapular
- thoracodorsal

5

The circumflex scapular artery supplies what?

the subscapularis and levator scapulae

6

The thoracodorsal artery supplies what?

the latissimus dorsi

7

What passes through the triangular space of the axilla?

the circumflex scapular artery

8

What passes through the quadrangular space of the axilla?

the axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery

9

What passes through the triangular interval of the posterior arm?

the radial nerve and deep artery of the arm

10

The axillary artery becomes the ____ artery when it passes ____.

the brachial artery when it passes teres major

11

The brachial artery gives what important branch in the shoulder?

the deep artery of the arm

12

The brachial artery divides into what two arteries?

the ulnar and radial

13

The common interosseous artery is a continuation of what artery?

the ulnar artery

14

Which artery of the forearm contributes more to the deep palmar arch?

the radial artery

15

The ulnar artery mostly serves what palmar arch?

the superficial palmar arch

16

The brachialis and brachioradialis are supplied by what artery?

the radial recurrent

17

What happens to the pudendal artery after it exits the pelvis?

it re-enters the pelvis through the lesser sciatic foramen

18

The femoral artery gives off what important branches?

the medial circumflex femoral, the lateral circumflex femoral, the deep femoral

19

The deep femoral artery anastomoses with what other artery off the external iliac?

the inferior gluteal artery

20

The femoral artery ends when it pass through the ____.

adductor hiatus

21

After passing through the adductor hiatus, the femoral artery becomes what artery?

the popliteal artery

22

What happens to the popliteal artery?

it divides into the anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries

23

The fibular artery is a branch off what artery?

the posterior tibial artery

24

The fibular artery supplies what?

the lateral compartment of the leg

25

Dorsalis pedalis is a branch of what artery?

the anterior tibial artery

26

What is the terminal branch of the musculocutaneous nerve?

the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve

27

What is the important landmark through which the musculocutaneous nerve passes?

it pierces the coracobrachialis

28

The axillary nerve supplies what muscles?

the deltoid and teres minor

29

What are the two important cutaneous branches of the radial nerve in the arm?

- inferior lateral cutaneous
- posterior antebrachial

30

What branch of the radial nerve supplies the dorsum of the hand?

the superficial branch

31

What happens to the radial nerve after it passes by the elbow?

it divides into a superficial and deep branch

32

What happens to the deep branch of the radial nerve?

it becomes the posterior IO nerve

33

What branch of the radial artery serves the forearm muscles?

the deep branch

34

Where do the posterior and anterior interosseous nerves come from?

from the radial and median nerves, respectively

35

The deep ventral forearm muscles are supplied by what nerve?

the anterior interosseous nerve

36

The superficial ventral forearm muscles are supplied by what nerve?

the median nerve

37

The sciatic nerve involves what spinal nerves?

L4-S3

38

The femoral nerve involves what spinal nerves?

L2-L4

39

The fibular nerve gives off what branches in the leg?

the deep and superficial

40

The thigh is innervated by what cutaneous nerves?

the anterior, lateral, and posterior cutaneous nerves

41

The gluteal skin is innervated by what?

the vental rami of L1-S3

42

Which is more superficial, the sacrospinous or sacrotuberous ligament?

the sacrotuberous

43

What two tendons are visible at the back of the knee, outlining the popliteal fossa?

the semimembranosus (medial) and the biceps femoris (lateral)

44

Describe the termination of the extensor digitorum tendons.

they send two branches laterally to the distal phalanx and a central terminal to the middle phalanx

45

What happens to the flexor digitorum superficialis tendons?

the split and both attach to the middle phalanx

46

What happens to the flexor digitorum profundus tendons?

it remains as one, central fiber and terminates on the distal phalanx

47

What tendons wrap around the lateral malleolus?

fibularis longus and fibularis brevis

48

Name the arteries between the palmar arch of the hand and the MCPs.

common palmar digitial arteries

49

What happens to the common palmar digital arteries?

they split into two proper palmar digital arteries at the MCPs

50

Which palmar arch is loops more distal than the other?

the superficial arch is longer

51

What arteries supply the knee?

genicular

52

What artery runs in the flexor retinaculum of the foot?

the posterior tibial artery

53

What muscle lies in the popliteal fossa?

the popliteus

54

The C1 and C2 vertebra are called what?

the atlas and axis vertebrae, respectively