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Flashcards in Anatomy Quiz Deck (174):
1

Name the view seen here

Lateromedial view of Equne hoof

2

Name the view seen here 

Dorsopalmar View of Equine Hoof 

3

Name the Structure 

First phalanx (long pastern) 

4

Name the Joint 

Proximal interphalangeal joint (pastern joint) 

5

Name the Structure 

Second Phalanx (short pastern) 

6

Name the Joint 

Distal interphalangeal Joint (coffin joint) 

7

Name the Structure 

Third Phalanx (coffin bone) 

8

Name the Structure 

Navicular Bone 

9

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

Extensor process of P3 

10

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

common digital extensor 

11

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

impar ligament 

12

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

Digital cushion 

13

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

Deep digital flexor 

14

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

straight sesmoidean ligament 

15

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

insertion of oblique sesmoidean ligament 

16

which view is good for assessing solr margins of P3 and the navicular bone 

Dorsal proximal to palmar distal (upright pedal) 

17

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

navicular bone 

18

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

wings of the coffin bone 

19

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

solar margin 

20

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

semilunar canal 

21

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow (light blue lines) 

vascular channels 

22

Identify the structure indicated by the yellow dotted line 

dirt in the white line on bottom of the hoof 

23

name the structure indicated by the orange line 

crena margins of solearis 

24

WTF is the crena margins solearis 

smooth round concavity of the distal phalanx solar margin (more prominent in hindlimb) 

25

which view is used to asses the flexor surface and medullary cavity of the navicular bone 

palmar proximal to palmar distal (skyline) 

26

Identify the structure indicated by the arrows

wings of coffin bone 

27

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

navicular bone 

28

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

medullary cavity 

29

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow

flexor surface 

30

what is a dorsoproximolateral to palmarodistomedial view used for in equines 

to throw out the lateral wing of P3 

31

Identify the structure indicated by the X

radial carpal bone 

32

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Intermediate carpal bone 

33

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Accessory Carpal Bone

34

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Ulnar Carpal Bone 

35

Identify the structure indicated by the X

4th carpal bone 

36

Identify the structure indicated by the X

3rd carpal bone 

37

Identify the structure indicated by the X

2nd carpal bone 

38

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Metacarpal 3

39

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Metacarpal 2

40

Identify the structure indicated by the X

Metacarpal 4

41

Indicate the lateral side 

B

The accessory bone is on the lateral side 

42

Name the view seen here 

Lateromedial 

43

T/F: radiographs are the most sensitive on the edges 

true 

44

name the view seen here 

flexed view 

45

why are flexed used (2 reasons) 

Manipulation of the limb to better image anatomic structures of interest.

Visualization of articular surfaces

46

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow (outlined in blue) 

Intermediate carpal bone 

47

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow (outlined in yellow) 

radial carpal bone 

48

identify the structure indicated by the arrow (purple outline) 

carpal bone 4

49

Identify the structure indicated by the arrow (outlined in pink) 

carpal bone 3

50

indentify the structure indicated by the arrow 

ulnar carpal bone 

51

identify the joint indicated by the arrow 

radial carpal joint 

52

identify the joint indicated by the arrow 

middle carpal joint 

53

identify the joint indicated by the arrow

carpal metacarpal joint 

54

describe the view seen here 

dorsolateral to palmaromedial 

55

what structures are easily seen with dorsolateral to palmaromedial views

palmar-lateral structures e.g lateral splint bones 

56

How can you distinguish between DLPM view from a DMPL view?

C4 and MC4 on DLPM are not aligned

57

describe the view seen here 

Dorsomedial to palmarolateral (DMPL) 

58

T/F: C2 and MC2 are stacked on top of each other in the DMPL view 

true 

59

Identify structure #1

carpal bone 2 

60

Identify structure #2

carpal bone 1

61

identify structure #3

metacarpal bone 2 

62

Identify Structure #1

tibia 

63

Identify Structure #2

calcaneous 

64

Identify Structure #3

chestnut 

65

Identify Structure #4

tarsocrural joint 

66

Identify Structure #5 

proximal intertarsal joint 

67

Identify Structure #6

Distal intertarsal joint 

68

Identify Structure #7

tarsometatarsal joint 

69

Identify Structure #8

metatarsal 3 

70

describe the view seen here 

DLPMO (dorsolateral to palmaromedial oblique) 

71

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

medial mallelous 

72

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

distal intermediate ridge of the tibia 

73

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

MT2- medial splint bone 

74

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

MT4- Lateral splint bone 

75

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

fourth tarsal bone 

76

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

calcaneous 

77

identify the structure outline by the green line 

lateral trochlear ridge of the talus 

(aka gonzo's nose- how to disinguish between DMPLO from DLPMO views) 

78

identify the structure outlined in pink 

sustentaculum tali 

79

identify the structure outlined in yellow 

T1 and T2 fused 

80

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

dorsolateral surface of tarsometatarsal joint 

81

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

medial condyle 

82

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

medial tibial condyle 

83

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

medial intercondylar eminence 

84

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

fibula 

85

Identify structure indicated by the arrow

lateral condyle

86

what is another term for MC3 

cannon bone 

87

MC2 and MC4 in horses are also known as 

splint bones 

88

what is the fetlock 

metacarpal phalangeal joint 

89

what is the pastern joint 

proximal interphalangeal joint 

90

what is the distal interphalangeal joint know as 

coffin joint 

91

what are the general principles for small animal radiography 

At least 2 orthogonal views

Primary beam centered on area of interest with collimation.

Good positioning – sedation

Placement of markers:

  • Lateral views: dorsal or cranial surface
  • Craniocaudal view: lateral surface

92

common disorders of shoulder seen on radiographs (2)

osteochondrosis

neoplasia 

93

what are the routine views of the shoulder (2) 

mediolateral and caudocranial 

94

name the view seen here 

mediolateral shoulder 

95

name the view seen here 

caudocranial shoulder 

96

identify structure #1

supraglenoid tubercle 

97

identify structure #2

spine of the scapula 

98

identify structure #3

glenoid cavity 

99

identify structure #4

caudal head of the humerus 

100

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

spine of the scapula

101

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

glenoid cavity 

102

common disorders of the elbow seen on radiographs 

Elbow dysplasia, fractures/trauma

103

routine views of the elbow 

Mediolateral, craniocaudal and Flexed mediolateral

104

name the view seen here 

mediolateral elbow

105

name the view seen here 

craniocaudal elbow 

106

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

anconeal process 

(better visualized on the flexed mediolateral view) 

107

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

medial epicondyle 

108

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

medial coronoid process 

109

identify the structure indicated by the arrow 

olecranon 

110

identify structure #1

medial epicondyle 

111

identify structure #2

medial coronoid process 

112

identify structure #3

lateral epicondyle

113

common problems in the manus

truama especially subluxations 

114

name the view seen here 

mediolateral manus 

115

name the view seen here 

dorsopalmar manus 

116

Identify structure #1

antebrachiocarpal joint

117

Identify structure #2

middle carpal joint 

118

Identify structure #3

carpometacarpal joint 

119

Identify structure #4

dorsal sesamoid bone 

120

Identify structure #5

accessory carpal bone 

121

Identify structure #6

ulnar carpal bone 

122

Identify structure #7

proximal sesamoid bone 

123

Identify structure #1

ulnar carpal bone 

124

Identify structure #2

4th carpal bone 

125

Identify structure #3

intermedioradial carpal bone 

126

Identify structure #4

proximal sesamoid bone

127

what views are used for the hips and pelvis 

Routine: lateral and extended ventrodorsal views 

Optional: frog legged ventrodorsal view 

128

common problems in the hips and pelvis 

trauma, hip dysplasia (large dogs), and Legg-Calves-Perthes (small dogs) 

129

name the view seen here 

lateral hips and pelvis 

130

name the view seen here 

VD extended hipls/pelvis 

131

Identify structure #1

lumbosacral junction 

132

Identify structure #2

superimposed ilia 

133

Identify structure #1

leftt ilium 

134

Identify structure #2

left greater trochanter 

135

Identify structure #3

left pubis 

136

Identify structure #4

pubic symphysis 

137

Identify structure #5

left ischium 

138

what views are routinly used to view the stifle 

mediolateral and craniocaudal 

139

common reasons for taking a radiograph of the stifle 

trauma-fractures, cranial cruciate tears 

140

name the view seen here 

caudocranial stifle 

141

indicate the medial side 

(the fibula is located on the lateral side) 

142

Identify structure #1

lateral condyle 

143

Identify structure #2

extensor fossa 

144

Identify structure #3

fibula 

145

Identify structure #4

patella 

146

Identify structure #5

medial fabella of gastrocnemius 

147

name the view seen here 

mediolateral stifle 

148

Identify structure #1

patella 

149

Identify structure #2

fabella of the gastrocnemius 

150

Identify structure #3

caudal fascial plane

151

Identify structure #4

popliteal sesamoid bone

152

Identify structure #5

infrapatellar fat pad 

153

what are the routine views of the tarsus

mediolateral and dorsoplantar

154

common reasons to radiograph the tarsus 

trauma, OCD (large dogs) 

155

name the view seen here 

mediolateral tarsus 

156

Identify structure #1

calcaneus 

157

Identify structure #2

tarsocrural joint 

158

Identify structure #3

proximal intertarsal joint 

159

Identify structure #4 

distal intertarsal joint 

160

Identify structure #5

tarsometatarsal joint 

161

name the view seen here 

dorsoplantar view of the tarsus 

162

identify the lateral side 

A (4th tarsal bone and calcaneous are on the lateral side) 

163

Identify structure #1

lateral malleolus 

164

Identify structure #2

4th tarsal bone 

165

Identify structure #3

medial trochlear ridge of the talus 

166

Identify structure #4

medial malleolus 

167

Identify structure #5

central tarsal bone 

168

Identify structure #6

3rd tarsal bone 

169

Identify structure #7

superimposed 1st and 2nd tarsal bones 

170

name 7 radiation safety procedures 

avoid hand holing cassesttes 

all unnecessary persons should leave 

lead apparel 

adjustable light collimator 

rotate personnel 

age and pregnancy status 

radiation monitoring 

171

T/F the fibula can have multiple separate centers of ossification

True (don't mistake these as fractures) 

172

T/F: the medial trochlear ridge is larger than the lateral trochlear ridge in the lateromedial view of the equine stifle 

True (the medial trochear rigde is outlined and yellow and the lateral trochear ridge is outlined in blue)

173

T/F in a DMPLO of the equine carpus the first carpal bone is sometimes present and the fifth carpal bone is rarely present. They are non-articular, will vary in size, have smooth margins and may be present on one side only 

true 

174

T/F the only way to know medial vs. lateral and which limb was radiographed of the equine metacarpal-phalangral joint (fetlock) is if the film was correctly labled at the time the image was taken 

true