Anatomy: The Lower Urinary Tract Flashcards Preview

Renal and Urology > Anatomy: The Lower Urinary Tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy: The Lower Urinary Tract Deck (26):
1

Where are the kidney's located

retroperitoneal in the abdomen

2

What part of the urinary tract is in the pelvis

the distal ureters
the bladder
the proximal urethra

3

What part of the urinary tract is in the perineum

the urethra

4

What is the false pelvis

the iliac crests to the pelvic inlet

5

What is the true pelvis

from the pelvic inlet to the peliv floor muscles (levator ani)

6

At what level do the ureters turn medially to enter the bladder

at the level of the ischial spine

7

What aspect of the bladder do the ureters enter

the posterior aspect

8

\Why do the ureters enter the posterior ballder wall in an inferomedial direction

to prevent the reflux of urine when the bladder contracts

9

What is the most inferior part of the male peritoneal cavity

the rectovesicle pouch

10

What is the most inferior part of the peritoneal cavity in a woman

the rectouterine pouch (of Douglas)

11

What is the function of the round ligament of the uterus

attaches the uterus to the perineum via the inguinal canal

12

What is the uterine artery a branch of

the internal illiac

13

What muscle forms the wall of the bladder

the detrusor

14

What is the purpose of the internal urethral sphincter in a male

to prevent retrogade ejaculation

15

What surface of the bladder is covered in peritoneum

its superior surface

16

What is contained in the spermatic cord

the testivular artery
the testicular vein
the vas deferens
lymphatics
nerves (autonomic= vas deferens, somatic= cremaster)

17

What is the tunica vaginalis

a sac that the scrotum sit inside in the scrotum

18

What is the name for excess fluid within the tunica vaginalis

hydrocoele

19

What is the name of the anterior erectile tissue containing the urethra

the corpus spongiosum

20

What is the name of the posterior erectile tissue

the corpus cavernosum

21

what is contained in the corpus cavernosum

the deep arteries of the penis

22

What can be caused by constirction of the prepuce

paraphimosis

23

What are the deep arteries of the penis a branch of

the internal pudendal artery
from the internal illiac

24

What is the blood supply to the scrotum

scrotal branches of the internal pudendal artery
also scrotal branches of the external illiac

25

Where does lymph from the penis and scrotum drain

the superficial inguinal lymph nodes

26

where does lymph from the testes drain

lumbar lymph nodes