Anatomy: The Upper Urinary Tract Flashcards Preview

Renal and Urology > Anatomy: The Upper Urinary Tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy: The Upper Urinary Tract Deck (12):
1

At what vertebral level is the right kidney

L1-L3

2

At what vertebral level is the left kidney

T12-L2

3

What ribs offer the kidney protection but could also potentially pierce the kidney if fractured

ribs 11 and 12

4

What quadrants/area of the abdoment are the kidneys in

Upper quadrents
Lumbar regions

5

What muscles lies posterioly to the kidney in the bac

quadratus lumborum

6

describe the layers that enclose the kindey

Kidney- capsule- perinephric fat- deep renal fascia- paranephric fat

7

where does lymph from the kidney drain

the lumbar nodes

8

where does lymph from the ureters drain

lumbar and illiac nodes

9

What happens at the pelviureteric junction

there is a constiction of the wider pelvis as it narrows to become the ureter

10

what will happen if there is an obsturction at the bladder

unilateral or bilateral kidney problems

11

what will happen if there is an obstruction at the urethra

bilateral kidney problems

12

what is hydronephrosis

urine pressure into the calyces compresses the nephrins within the pyramids leadaing to renal failure
painful stretching of the renal capsule