ANCC AGACNP Issues, Trends, and Health Policy Flashcards Preview

Risk Assessment ANCC AGACNP Exam > ANCC AGACNP Issues, Trends, and Health Policy > Flashcards

Flashcards in ANCC AGACNP Issues, Trends, and Health Policy Deck (54):
1

What is a key to therapeutic communication?

Listening more than talking.

2

What should you focus on during therapeutic communication?

Feelings (Mad, Sad, Glad, Ashamed)

3

Should you use euphemisms for therapeutic communication?

NO

4

What must you ensure during crisis intervention?

Safety and boundaries

5

Who do you call during a crisis (if necessary)?

Security

6

What should your goal be during crisis intervention?

Establishing trust/rapport

7

What are 2 keys to therapeutic communication during crisis/acute grief?

1. Acknowledge feelings
2. Offer self

8

What is an advanced directive?

A written statement of a patient's intent REGARDING MEDICAL TREATMENT

9

What law requires that all patients entering a hospital should be advised of their right to execute an advanced directive?

The Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990

10

What is a healthcare directive?

A TYPE of AD that may (OR MAY NOT) include a living will and/or specifications regarding DPOA in 1-2 separate documents

11

What is a living will?

Written compilation of statements in document format that SPECIFIES WHICH LIFE-PROLONGING MEASURES ONE DOES AND DOES NOT WANT TO BE TAKEN IF HE/SHE BECOMES INCAPACITATED

12

What is the stance of most US states in regards to living wills?

Most states will abide by them if they are specific enough to address the problem at hand

13

Other than stating one's healthcare wishes in the event of incapacitation, what does a living will also often specify?

The DPOA

14

What is a DPOA?

A significant other who may act as a proxy/agent/attorney-in-fact IN MAKING HEALTHCARE DECISIONS should the patient become incapacitated

15

What is the essential responsibility of the DPOA?

Articulating the patient's advanced directive

16

What is a common requirement in order for the POA to be honored?

In writing

17

What is the difference between an advanced directive and a living will?

•Living will vs AD: recall, AD talks about the MEDICAL care of the patient in the case of incompetence.

•Living will specifies life prolonging measures that one does or does not want to be done should they become incapacitated. Often, they include DPOA to a significant other, who acts as a proxy (aka agent aka attorney in that).

18

What does Title I of HIPAA protect?

Health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they lose or change jobs

19

What is the name of the health insurance coverage, granted under Title I of HIPAA, for workers and their families when they change/lose their jobs?

Comprehensive Omnibus Reconciliation Act (COBRA)

20

What is Title II of HIPAA best known for?

Administrative Simplification (AS) provisions

21

What do the Administrative Simplification provisions under Title II of HIPAA require?

1. the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions
2. National identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers

22

What department ENFORCES HIPAA?

The Office for Civil Rights

23

What does HIPAA protect?

The privacy of individually identifiable health information

24

What does the HIPAA Security Rule do?

Sets national STANDARDS for the SECURITY of electronic protected health information

25

What doe the confidentiality provisions of the Patient Safety Rule protect?

Protect identifiable information from being used to analyze patient safety events improve patient safety

26

What are "Covered Entities"

Those required to follow HIPAA Regulations

27

List 3 examples of covered entities.

1. Health Plans (insurance co, HMOs, company health plans, Medicare, Medicaid)
2. Most health care providers (esp. those that use electronic billing to health insurers)
3. Health Care Clearinghouses (those that process nonstandard health info data received from another entity into a standardized [ie electronic] format)

28

List examples of HIPAA Protected Information (4)

1. Written info in medical record
2. Conversations amongst HCPs
3. Pt info stored in health insurer's computer
4. Pt billing info stored at a clinic
*Most health-related information about a patient

29

In order to use or share a patient's health info, what generally must be required?

The patient's WRITTEN AUTHORIZATION

30

What must be provided in order for a provider to disclose information to one's employer?

Patient's written authorization

31

What must be provided in order for a provider to use or share a pt's info for marketing or advertising purposes?

Patient's written authorization

32

What must be provided in order for HCPs to share private notes about a patient's health care?

Patient's written authorization

33

What is outlined by the HIPAA Privacy Rule?

The patient's rights!

34

List the Patient's Rights under the Privacy Rule (6)

1. See/receive a copy of their health records
2. Have corrections added to health info
3. Receive a notice telling pt how his info may be used/shared
4. Decide if they want to permit their health info to be used/shared (ie for marketing)
5. Receive a report of when/why their info was shared for certain purposes
6. File complaints w/ HCP, insurer, and/or US gov if their rights are being denied or if health info is not being protected

35

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: to ensure proper treatment and coordination of care

Yes

36

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: to pay for healthcare services

Yes

37

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: with a patient's family, relatives, friends, or others that the PATIENT IDENTIFIES as being involved with their healthcare/bill payment (unless patient objects)

Yes

38

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: to ensure quality care given by HCPs

Yes

39

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: To protect the health of the public (ie outbreak reporting)

Yes

40

Is this allowed to be viewed/shared: To make required reports to the police (ie GSW)

Yes

41

List entities NOT required to follow HIPAA (7)

1. Life insurers
2. Employers
3. Workers comp carriers
4. Schools/school districts
5. State agencies (CPS)
6. Law enforcement
7. Municipal offices

42

What is the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act (PSQIA)?

Est a VOLUNTARY REPORTING SYSTEM to enhance the data available to assess and resolve patient safety and health care quality issues

43

Under the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act, what is patient safety information called?

Patient safety work product

44

What does the PSQIA provide for patient safety work product?

1. Confidentiality
2. Federal privilege

45

Why does PSQIA provide confidentiality and federal privilege for patient safety work product?

To encourage reporting and analysis of MEDICAL ERRORS

46

What is included in patient safety work product?

Information collected and created during the reporting and analysis of patient safety events

47

What is the purpose of the confidentiality provisions in the PSQIA?

To improve patient safety outcomes by creating an environment where providers may report and examine pt safety events without fear of increased liability risk.

48

What is the ultimate aim of the PSQIA?

Greater reporting and analysis of patient safety events will yield INCREASED DATA AND BETTER UNDERSTANDING of patient safety

49

What are Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs)?

External experts established by the Patient Safety Act to collect and analyze patient safety information

50

Who has the responsibility of listing PSOs?

AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)

51

When does the "duty to warn" supersede confidentiality?

If the patient's condition may endanger others

52

Other than the "duty to warn", which other scenario supersedes a patient's rights to confidentiality?

The duty to protect a patient from harming him/herself

53

What is an "invasion of privacy"?

Damaging one's REPUTATION as a result of info being shared without the patient's permission

54

Under which circumstances can the "invasion of privacy" not be charged?

If the info can be shown to be...
-accurate
-given in good faith &
-receiver had a valid right to know

(es: consulting practitioner had right to know specific pt info)