Anemia Flashcards Preview

NUR 112 Unit 2 > Anemia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anemia Deck (15):
1

Skin is pale, cool, clammy, hypotension, increased tachycardia, decreased level of consciousness, oliguria, Heart murmur may be heard

Blood loss anemia

2

Hypoxia, Pallor, HR increases, increased cardiac output, increased respiratory rate, angina, fatigue, Dyspnea on exertion, night cramps, headache, dizziness, visual disturbances are all manifestations of

Anemia

3

Types of Nutritional Anemia’s

Iron deficiency, Vitamin B12: Pernicious, Folic Acid Deficiency

4

Brittle nails, spoon-shaped nails, Cheilosis (cracks in the corner of the mouth), smooth/sore tongue, Pica, increased fatigue, palpitations, can occur in pregnant women frequently, these are all manifestations of:

Iron deficiency Anemia

5

Pallor, Jaundice, weakness, smooth/sore/red/beefy tongue, diarrhea, parenthesis, difficulty maintaining balance are all manifestations of:

Vitamin B12 anemia: pernicious anemia

6

Gradual as folic acid sores are depleted, pallor, progressive weakness or fatigue, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, cheilosis, glossitis, diarrhea are all manifestations of:

Folic Acid Deficiency

7

Blood loss Anemia is caused by:

Hemmorage

8

Premature destruction of blood cells

Hemolytic Anemia

9

Inherited disorder/either the alpha or the beta chains of HBG are issuing or defective. Some require regular or frequent blood transfusions.

Thalassemia

10

Caused by hemolysis resulting from outside the RBC. Spleen enlarges, jaundice, pathologically fractures.

Acquired Hemolytic Anemia

11

Heredity defect of RBC metabolism. Hemolysis occurs as pt is exposed to aspirin, sulfomaides, vitamin K, derivatives, pallor, jaundice, hgb in urine, elevated reticulocyte are all indicative of

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase anemia (G69D)

12

When the bone marrow fails to produce all three types of blood cells (is a rare condition)

Aplastic Anemia

13

Pallor fatigue, weakness, exertional Dyspnea, headache, tachycardia, heart failure, decreased platelets, decreased WBC are all manifestations of

Aplastic Anemia

14

Interventions for Iron deficiency Anemia

Monitor RBC counts, HBG, and Hct
Monitor diet for legumes, dried fruits, liver(organ meats), or nuts/seeds
Assess for Cheilosis and glossitis
If Jaundice monitor Bili

15

Interventions for Vitamin B12 pernicious anemia

Recommend diet high in B12; foods derived of animals, egg yolks, tofu, potatoes
Monitor B12 levels
Assess for in s