Anesthesia Part IV Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anesthesia Part IV Deck (35):
1

What is the reversal agent for Opioids?

What is the reversal agent for Benzodiazepenes?

naloxone (Narcan)

flumazenil (Romazicon)

2

Is laughing a symptom of Ideal sedation with Nitrous?

No

3

Is there Nitrous Dependence?

Controlled substance?

Yes

No

4

Initial Signs of Early/Ideal sedation: Breathing:

Peripheral Vasodilation:

Decreased muscle tone:

Drop in BP:

normal

yes

yes

NO (not initially)

5

When we give Nitrous to pts they should be...

Conscious and Responsive

6

Oxygen is what color?

Nitrous is what color?

Oxygen is on the?

Nitrous is on the?

Green

Blue

Right

Left

7

If pt is nauseous, uncomfortable, on Nitrous, you should...

You should not...

Lower nitrous

increase Oxygen

8

2 demographics that aren't a good candidate for sedation:

ASA IV

Really young

*other than that wide open

9

If a pt is undergoing conscious sedation, do we see a change in vitals?

Mood altered?

Cooperative:

Breathing faster, more shallow:

Minor

yes, whole point

yes

No (breathing pattern wouldn't change much, if anything would go the other way)

10

Why is Shivering a complication of Nitrous administration?

Vasodilation

*lose heat, get cold, start shivering

11

Other than fear, what is a protective response to pain?

Withdrawal reflex

12

Do physical attributes like height and weight influence pain experience?

Negative

*expectations, attitudes, learned responses, age, personality, and genetics do

13

What type of Nociceptors do we have?

Polymodal

14

What would be a good example of Neuropathic Pain?

Trigeminal Neuralgia

15

What is something we can do to help pts handle anxiety and fear?

PREP

prepare, rehearse, empower, praise

16

What does PREP stand for?

prepare

rehearse

empower

praise

17

What are we facilitating/changing when we give a pt medications for post-op pain?

Pain Tolerance

18

Gate Theory - what fibers close the gate?

Large myelinated

(c fibers small, dull)

19

T/F
Nitrous is a selective CNS depressant

False

*non-selective

20

T/F
Nitrous is the wimp of all inhaled drugs
(weak one)

True

21

What sedative drug is only available for oral administration?

This is what class of drug?

triazolam Halcion

benzodiazepene

22

What are 4 different ways to administer sedation?

Oral

IV

Intramuscular

Inhalation

23

What is the capacity (in Liters) for the e-cylinder for Oxygen?

If the tank is 1/2 full, how much do we have?

*x number of liters/min, can figure out how long we can run oxygen if we know this number

625 L

312.5 L

24

What type of Flowmeters do we see on our Nitrous Units?

*most common

*Ball

Rod

Rotameter

25

Benzodiazepenes are _____ drugs only and don't provide _______

sedative

analgesia

26

Small, incremental doses of a drug until desired clinical effect is observed

Titration

27

Titration is the ____ dose of a drug until _____ is observed

incremental

desired clinical effect

28

When we administer Nitrous, what do we begin and end the procedure with?

If you reach the max dose, what then?

100% Oxygen

Nothing - failure

29

With the units we use, what is the Maximum amount of Nitrous we can administer?

70%

30

If the Nitrous tank is 35% empty (65% full), what is the PSI?

750-800 psi

31

The Oxygen Unit is _____ PSI when full

The Nitrous Unit is _____ PSI when full

PSI remains constant until it is _____ full

2000

750-800

25%

32

T/F
You can administer Nitrous if you don't have Oxygen available

False

*need oxygen - it is the fail safe built into the system

33

How much Oxygen is in the E-Cylinder when full?

*we'll have to figure something out with this number
*most likely how long until empty with a Flow Rate

625 L

34

What is the Primary function of the Reservoir Bag?

Respiratory effort is also seen and from this we can determine the...

Additional volume for deep breathing

Flow Rate (e.g. 6 Liters)

35

If an Oxygen tank is half full and Flow Rate is 5 LPM, how much time do you have left for the procedure if you stop at 30% full on Oxygen tank?

50% is 312.5

so, if stop at 30%, only have 20% left

130 Liters @ 5 LPM = 26 minutes

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