Flashcards in Animal disease and welfare in the meat supply chain Deck (16):
Supply Chain Management
What are 5 key developments in logistics and SCM?
1. reduced transport intensity of freight
2. falling product prices
3. deregulation of transport
4. productivity improvements (turkeys)
5. emphasis on inventory reduction
involves getting, in the right way, the right product, in the right quantity and the right quality, in the right place at the right time, for the right customer at the right cost
Define supply chain
the network of organisations that are involved, through upstream and downstream linkages in the different processes and activities that produce value in the form of products and services in the hands of the ultimate consumer
Define supply chain managment (SCM)
the management across a network of upstream and downstream organisations of material, information and resource flows that lead to the creation of value in the form of products and/or services
What is upstream in the integrated supply chain?
suppliers > manufacturing etc
What is downstream in the integrated supply chain?
consumers> retailers etc
Define lean production
eliminating waste in a pull based value stream of activites with level production (i.e. even production runs with neither idle time nor surges in demand) and just-in0time inventory management
What are the principles of lean consumption?
- solve customer's problem completely
- don't waste the customer's time
- provide exactly what the customer wants
- provide what's wanted exactly where its wanted
- provide what's wanted where its wanted exactly when its wanted
- continually aggregate solutions to reduce the customer's time and hassle
What is the agile supply chain?
- it is a demand-pull chain designed to cope with volatile demand
- structured to allow max flexibility
- enabled by mass customisation
- often incorporates postponed production
What is mass customisation?
= different product configurations contain a majority of shared components and features to incorporate volume and variety
- enabled by postponement
What is postponement in terms of customisation?
- the reconfiguration of a product and process design so as to allow postponement of final product customisation as far downstream as possible
- not only applied to manufacturing
- e.g.packaging postponement is merely delaying final packaging of products until customer orders are received.
What can increased trade opportunities lead to with food industry?
- dead /injured livestock
How do DEFRA facilitate trade and export while protecting animal health?
- EU and national legislation to set strict control on imports
- adhering to international veterinary standards and processes
- negotiating with non-EU countries so that the UK can export to them
- providing guidance and information to businesses and the agencies who enforce the laws and enable exports
- implementing the action plan to increase exports int eh UK farming/food/drink sectors
made in exact imitation of something valuable with the intention to deceive or defraud.