animal kingdom protists and fungi and plants Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in animal kingdom protists and fungi and plants Deck (12):
1

what is archezoa 

the eukaroyte that most closely resembles prokaryotes, which does not have a mitochondria 

2

what is diplomonad

one phylum grouped with the archezoa, A GOOD EXAMPLE is Giardia 

3

  • what are protists that ingest food called?/
  • rh

  • Protozoa 
  •  

4

  • Rhizopoda
  • Uni or multi 
  • sexual/asexual
  • what else are they called
  • what are the locomotion mechanisms
  • what cytosis

  • rhizopoda 
  • unicellular 
  • asexual
  • amoebas
  • pseudopods
  • phagocytosis

5

  • apicomplexa
  • para/mutua/commensa
  • sporozoans?
  • sporozoite
  • sexual and asexual
  • how many hosts?
  • what is an example of apicomplexa  and what is the disease and host 

  • apicomplexa
  • parasites known as sporozoans
  • they spread in form of sporozite 
  • both asexual and sexual stages
  • and life cycle requires 2 different hosts for completion
  • plasmodium which causes malaria 

6

  • zooflagellates
  • heterotrophs? 
  • flagella or cilia?
  • what type of cytosis
  • parasitic or mutualistic
  • what is a member and what disease

  • heterotrophic protists known for their flagella. 
  • Like rhizopoda, they eat by phagocytosis and range from being parasitic to living mutualistic. a member is called trypanosoma, who causes African sleeping sickness. 

7

  • ciliophora 
  • what type of mechanism to move around
  • where do they live
  • and how many and what type of nuclei
  • what is an example 

  • ciliophora 
  • cilia to move around
  • live in water
  • and 2 types of nuclei: macronucleus (everyday activities) and micronuclei (used in conjugation) 
  • paramecium 

8

  • myxomycota 
  • heterotrophic or autotrophic?
  • brightly colored?
  • examples? 
  • Do they eat alone
  • what are they called and is it a uni or multicellular mass actually named?
  • by what cytosis does it eat
  • how does it reproduce

  • myxomycota
  • heterotrophic 
  • plasmodial slime molds
  • grow to a single clumped unicellular mass known as plasmodium (same as malaria). Ingests food by phagocytosis. 
  • When there is no more food, the plasmodium stops growing and produces spores. 

9

  • acrasiomycota 
  • what are they known as to close friends 
  • how doe they eat when they are alone
  • how do they eat when food is scarce

  • cellular slime molds
  • when there is a lot of food, they eat as solitary beings
  • when food is scarce, they eat as a clumped mass

10

dinoflagellates 

how many flagella

multi or uni

importance in food chain?

two flagella

unicellular

important in many aquatic food chains. 

11

diatoms 

a/suxual?

do they enter a sexual life cycle

do they have cell walls

walls are made of what?

yellow and brown protists

aseuxual fashion, rarely enter a sexual life cycle

ornate walls made of silica 

12

  • green algae 
  • what are they also known as
  • what chlorophyll types do they have
  • are they found in lichen?
  • a sexual and asexual reproductive stages? 
  • ancestors of what 

  • green algae 
  • chlorophytes 
  • chlorophyll a and b 
  • live in freshwater and can be found in lichen 
  • asexual and sexual reproductive stages
  • ancestors of plants 

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