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Flashcards in Animal Tissues Deck (26)
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1

What is a tissue?

Cells grouped together and are similar in structure and function

2

The study of the structures and arrangements of tissues

Histology

3

What are the five primary tissue types?

- Epithelium Tissue
- Connective Tissue
- Nervous Tissue
- Muscle Tissue
- Vascular Tissue

4

What is a simple epithelial tissue?

One layer or one cell thick

5

What is a stratified epithelial tissue?

Two or more layers thick

6

What are the 4 classifications of epithelium based on shape and function?

- Squamous
- Cuboidal
- Columnar
- Ciliated

7

What is a muscular tissue?

Specialized cells with the primary function of contraction

8

What are the components of muscle fiber?

- Cytoplasm
- Sarcoplasm
- Sarcolemma

9

What are skeletal muscles?

Muscle tissue attached to bones. Long, striated, cylindrical, voluntary

10

What are smooth muscles?

Muscle tissue located in the walls of hollow organs

11

What are cardiac muscles?

Specialized type of muscle. Striated and involuntary muscle tissue found in the heart

12

How do striated muscles differ from smooth muscles based on appearance?

Striated muscles have long bands and elongated nuclei. Smooth muscles have no striations and have spindle-shaped cells.

13

What are the 3 types of fibers?

- Reticular Fiber
- Elastic Fiber
- Collagenous Fiber

14

These are found in the particular ends of long bones, ventral ends of the ribs, nose, larynx, trachea, and bronchi

Hyaline Cartilage

15

Cartilage cells are also known as?

Chondrocytes

16

Loosely arranged fibroelastic tissue that consists of a clear, amorphous ground substance which holds together coagulable tissue fluid, various cells, and all the 3 types of fibers

Areolar Connective Tissue

17

Storage of fats

Adipose tissue

18

Bone part: Thin layer where other non-living mineral substances are deposited and other parts are found

Lamella

19

Outermost covering of a bone

Periosteum

20

Channels for blood vessels and nerves in a bone

Haversian or Central System

21

What is a vascular tissue?

The blood

22

What are red blood cells?

Disc-shaped, biconcave cells without nuclei. Transport oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. Contain hemoglobin

23

What are white blood cells?

Bigger blood cells that specialize in fighting pathogens

24

What are platelets?

Specialized cells for blood clotting

25

What are nervous tissues?

Receive and transmit stimuli in the form of nerve impulses to various effectors

26

The basic structural and functional component of nervous tissue

Neuron