Ankle Pathology Flashcards Preview

Elysse NPTE MSK > Ankle Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ankle Pathology Deck (12):
1

Lateral Ligament sprain grades

I. no loss of function, minimal tearing to ATFL
II. partial LOF, partial tear of ATFL and CFL
III. complete LOF, complete tear of ATFL, CFL, partial tear of PTFL

2

Lateral sprain special tests

Anterior drawer: ATFL
talar tilt: CFL, PTFL

3

Achille's tendonopathy/ tendonosis
- special test
- signs

Degenerative condition of the achilles tendon
- Thompson test
- decreased DF motion and strength, hyperpronation, tenderness

4

Types of malleolar fractures

Unimalleolar: either malleolus
Bimalleolar: both malleoli involved
Trimalleolar: both malleoli and the posterior tubercle of tibia

5

Lisfranc Fracture

Fracture dislocation at torso-metatarsal joint
- surgically managed

6

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Cause
- Tests
- Signs

Entrapment of posterior tibial N in the tarsal tunnel.
- overpronation, overuse, trauma
- Tinel's
- pain, numbness and paresthesias along medial ankle to plantar of foot

7

Flexor Hallucis tendonopathy

Commonly seen in ballet performers

8

Pes Cavus
- Etiology
-Intervention

Increased height of arches, plantar flexion, toe splaying, claw toes
- genetic predisposition, neurological disorders - muscle imbalances, soft tissue contracture
- limit high-impact sports, proper footwear, orthoses

9

Equinus
- Etiology
- Intervention

Plantar flexed foot
- congenital bone deformity, CP, contracture of gastric-soleus, trauma, inflammatory disease
-stretching, joint mobs, intrinsic strength, orthotics

10

Hallux Valgus

Medial deviation of first metatarsal from midline

11

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
- Etiology

Peroneal muscular atrophy, motor and sensory affected. Slow progressive disorder, can progress to the muscles of hands and forearm.
- inherited

12

Plantar Fasciitis
-Signs
-Test

Microtears at attachment of plantar fascia
-pain in heel, worse in AM
-Windlass test