Flashcards in Antarctica Deck (21):
Earth's South Pole
-14 million km2
-50x the UK
-half of USA
-80c, 98% covered in ice
2 inches of rain a year
2300 metres above sea level
Why is tourism increasing every year?
Publication and easier access
How many tourists were there in 1996?
How many tourists were there in 2008?
Why is Antarctica attractive?
What are the impacts of tourism in Antarctica? (5)
-Oil spillages e.g MS explorer 2007
-Introduce non native species
Who are the tour operators of Antarctic tours?
How many people are allowed ashore at once?
What is the maximum number of passengers allowed on board?
What is the Antarctic Treaty?
international agreement designed to protect and preserve the area
What do tour operators have to follow?
A code of conduct
Who ensures the rules are followed?
Special guidelines to follow? (4)
-No litter can be left behind
-Permit needed in some activities
-Some off limits areas(special protected areas)
-Wildlife cannot be disturbed
Why is Antarctica demilitarized? (3)
-For peaceful purposes
-Promote scientific cooperation
-Bo disputes over territorial sovereignty
What does the Antarctic treaty ensure?
•promote scientific cooperation
•no disputes over territorial sovereignty