Antarctica Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > Antarctica > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antarctica Deck (21):
1

Location?

Earth's South Pole

2

Size?

-14 million km2
-50x the UK
-half of USA

3

Coldest Continent?

-80c, 98% covered in ice

4

Windiest Continent?

154 mph

5

Driest Continent?

2 inches of rain a year

6

Highest Continent?

2300 metres above sea level

7

Why is tourism increasing every year?

Publication and easier access

8

How many tourists were there in 1996?

7,000

9

How many tourists were there in 2008?

46,000

10

Why is Antarctica attractive?

-scenery
-icebergs
-wildlife(penguins, whales)

11

What are the impacts of tourism in Antarctica? (5)

-Trample plants
-Disturb wildlife
-Oil spillages e.g MS explorer 2007
-Introduce non native species
-Drop litter

12

Who are the tour operators of Antarctic tours?

IAATO

13

How many people are allowed ashore at once?

100

14

What is the maximum number of passengers allowed on board?

500

15

What is the Antarctic Treaty?

international agreement designed to protect and preserve the area

16

What do tour operators have to follow?

A code of conduct

17

Who ensures the rules are followed?

onboard observers

18

Special guidelines to follow? (4)

-No litter can be left behind
-Permit needed in some activities
-Some off limits areas(special protected areas)
-Wildlife cannot be disturbed

19

Why is Antarctica demilitarized? (3)

-For peaceful purposes
-Promote scientific cooperation
-Bo disputes over territorial sovereignty

20

What does the Antarctic treaty ensure?

•demilitarised-peaceful purposes
•promote scientific cooperation
•no disputes over territorial sovereignty

21

What is the history of Antarctica?

Caption scott