Flashcards in Anterior Thigh/Leg Deck (16):
Major veins in the leg
Anterior: Greater Saphenous Vein
Posterior: Small Saphenous Vein
Function, Muscles and Innervation of the muscles of the anterior compartment of the thigh.
Flexion of thigh and extension of leg (femoral n.)
Quadriceps Muscles (4)
Function, Muscles and Innervation of the muscles of the medial compartment of the thigh.
What other important thing is present in this compartment
Adduction of thigh (obturator n.)
-Adductor longus muscle
-Adductor brevis muscle
-Adductor magnus muscle
DEEP FEMORAL ARTERY and VEIN are also present here.
Function, Muscles and Innervation of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh.
What other important thing is present in this compartment?
Extension of thigh and flexion of leg (sciatic n.)
-Short/Long heads of biceps femoris muscles
SCIATIC NERVE is also present here.
What are the boundaries of the femoral triangle?
-laterally by the Sartorius muscle
-superiorly by inguinal ligament
-medially by the medial edge of adductor longus muscle
-floor= iliopsoas, pectinueus and adductor longus muscles
Contents of the femoral triangle.
femoral Nerve (terminal part)
deep inguinal Lymph nodes
What are the branches from the profunda femoris?
Perforating arterioles and the descending branch of the profunda femoris
Diamond-shaped space behind knee. Bounded by:
(3)Gastrocnemius medial head
(4)Gastrocnemius lateral head
Main contents of the popliteal fossa
-tibial and common fibular nerves
-popliteal artery and vein
Function of muscles in anterior compartment leg.
What else is here?
Dorsiflexion of foot and extension of toes (deep fibular n.)
-Tibialis anterior muscle
-Extensor hallucis longus muscle
-Extensor digitorum longus muscle
Anterior tibial artery and vein/ deep fibular nerve
Function of the Lateral compartment of the leg
What else is here?
Eversion of foot (superficial fibular n.)
Fibularis longus muscle
Fibularis brevis muscle
Superficial fibular nerve
Function of the muscles within the posterior compartments of the leg
Plantar flexion and inversion of foot, flexion of toes (tibial nerve)
Muscles of the deep posterior compartment of the leg
Tibialis posterior muscle
Flexor digitorum longus muscle
Flexor hallucis longus muscle
Muscles of the superficial posterior compartment
-Gastrocnemius (lateral and medial heads)
What is the terminating artery of the anterior tibial?
The dorsal pedis artery