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Flashcards in Anthropology Deck (32):
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Anthropology

Study of humanity

1

Behavioral sciences

The study of how people perceive, think and act

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Anthropologist

Person who studies anthropology

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Cultures

The way people live in group- their languages, values and technology

4

Physical Anthropology

Study of hereditary and the biological evolution of humans

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Cultural Anthropology

Study of how people in different societies live and the environments affects in their lifestyle

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Observation and Analysis

Tools that psychologists and sociologists use to study human behavior

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Field experience

When anthropologists try to live the same kind of existence as the people so they have a better understanding of the persons actions

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Excavation

Digging things out of the ground

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Archeologists

Study skeletons of the human being to figure out everyday life

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Archeology

Study prehistoric times

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Prehistory

Time before written records

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Culture

Everything about how people in a society live

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Enculturation

Process of learning your own culture

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Acculturation

Process of incorporating parts of other cultures into your own culture

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Cultural 2 parts

Material and non- material

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Material culture

Things society make and use
Examples: buildings/homes, clothes, technologies, tools (weapons), food, currency, entertainment

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Non- material culture

All of the intangible things/ not physical things
Examples: religion, language, all of the norms, values, music, education, family structure, occupations, taboos

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Taboos

Totally unacceptable behaviors
Examples in all cultures is insest or can abolish

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Ethnocentrism

The belief that your societies way of doing things is the right and best way

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Subcultures

A group within a culture, which has some traits that are different from the main culture
Example: hunters, skiers, motorcyclists
Religion(main culture)- Jews, catholic, Muslims
Age (main culture) teenagers, toddlers, old age

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Counter cultures

Groups whose entire ways of life deviates from that of the main culture
Examples: the Amish, he'll angles, junkies, inter-city gangs, Hippies, Cults

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How did our culture change over time?

Inventions- totally new things
Innovations- improvement on existing technology

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Culture diffusion

Spreading of ideas from one culture to another

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How did written language begin?

Pictures of drawing in the caves
Then symbols for words
Then symbols for sounds (letters)

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Dialect

Different variations of the same language
Different pronunciation
Different words

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Symbols

Something that represents something else

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Native language

The first language someone learns

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Most widely spoken native language on earth?

Mandarin Chinese

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Indo- European languages

Languages that have the same origin
Examples: English, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Persian, Hindustani, Portuguese

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Four countries that have English as the primary language?

Canada USA Australia New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland United Kingdom

31

Language is the most important because it can tell what about a society?

Their values