Antibiotic Man Flashcards Preview

AB 3rd Year General > Antibiotic Man > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotic Man Deck (59):
1

tx for meningitis?

ceftriaxone IV and dexamethasone IV
or chloramphenicol and rifampicin

2

tx for epiglottitis?

ceftriaxone IV

3

what is CURB 65? and ranges?

C - confused
U - urea ≥7mmol/l
R - resp rate ≥30
B - <90mmHg diastolic or ≤60mmHg systolic
≥ 65

4

tx for mild/mod CAP?

amoxicillin

5

tx for severe CAP?

co-amoxiclav + doxycycline

6

tx for severe HAP?

amoxicillin + metronidazole + gentamicin

7

tx for non severe HAP?

amoxicillin + metronidazole

8

if penicillin allergic, what is given for mild/mod CAP?

doxycycline

9

if if penicillin allergic, what is given for severe CAP?

levofloxacin

10

if penicillin allergic, what given for severe HAP?

co trimoxazole + metronidazole +/- gentamicin

11

if penicillin allergic, what given for non severe HAP?

co trimoxazole + metronidazole

12

Tx for COPD and if penicillin allergic?

amoxicillin
doxycycline

13

Tx for native valve indolent endocarditis?

amox + gentamicin

14

Tx for native valve severe sepsis endocarditis?

fluclox

15

Tx for prosthetic valve/MRSA endocarditis?

vancomycin + rifampicin + gentamicin

16

Tx for native valve severe sepsis + Rx for resistant pathogens endocarditis?

vancoymycin + meropenem

17

c diff infection? non severe and severe?

non severe - metronidazole
severe - vancomycin +/- metronidazole

18

tx for peritonitis?

amoxicillin + metronidazole + gentamicin

19

tx for female UTI in hospital?

nitrofurantoin/trimethoprim

20

tx for male UTI in hospital?

nitrofurantoin/trimethoprim

21

tx for pyelonephritis/complicated UTI in hospital?

amoxicillin + gentamicin

22

tx for cellulitis?

fluclox

23

tx for septic arthritis?

fluclox

24

if an open #, what prophylactic tx should be given?

co amoxiclav + metronidazole

25

what is the sepsis 6?

Blood cultures
Urine output
Fluids
Antibios
Lactate and Hb
Oxygen

26

tx for conjunctivitis?

chloramphenicol

27

Tx for tonsillitis?

penicillin or clarithromycin (if allergic)

28

what is the centor criteria? what do the scores mean?

temp >38
absence of cough
swollen LNs
tonsillar exudate
age <14 >44 +1

likeliness of bacterial infection

29

tx for otitis media?

1. amoxicillin
2. clarithromycin

30

tx for chlamydia?

azithromycin

31

tx for bacterial vaginosis?

metronidazole

32

tx for gonorrhoea?

IM ceftriazone + azithromycin

33

tx for salmonella?

ciprofloxacin

34

tx for giardia lamblia?

metronidazole

35

tx for enterobius vermicularis?

mebendazole

36

tx for amoebiasis?

metronidazole

37

tx for eradication of h pylori?

PPIs + clarithromycin + metronidazole/amoxicillin

38

tx for shigella?

ciprofloxacin

39

tx for pertussis? another name for it?

erythromycin
whooping cough

40

tx for mycoplasma pneumoniae?

doxycycline

41

tx for legionella pneumonia?

clarithromycin

42

tx for pseudomonas pneumonia?

ciprofloxacin

43

tx for klebsiella pneumonia?

cefotaxime

44

tx for pneumococcal pneumnia?

amoxicillin

45

tx for empyema?

metronidazole + amoxicillin

46

tx for staph aureus endocarditis?

fluclox

47

tx for MRSA endocarditis?

vancomycin + rifampicin

48

tx for strep viridans endocarditis?

benzylpenicillin + gentamicin

49

tx for enterococcus endocarditis?

amoxicillin/vancomycin + gentamicin

50

tx for staph epidermis endocarditis?

vancomycin + gentamicin + rifampicin

51

what endocarditis do drug users usually get? cause?

R sided
staph aureus

52

treatment for pseudomonas conjunctivitis? who gets it?

gentamicin
contact lens wearers

53

treatment for chlamydia conjunctivitis? who gets it?

oxytetracycline
babies

54

tx for endophthalmitis? what is it?

intravitreal amikacin + vancomycin
inflam of internal eye (usually post surgery)

55

tx for s aureus endocarditis?

flucloxacillin

56

tx for MRSA endocarditis?

vancoymycin and rifampicin

57

tx for strep viridans endocarditis?

benzylpenicillin and gentamicin

58

tx for enterococcus endocarditis?

amoxicillin + vancomycin + gentamicin

59

tx for staph epi endocarditis?

gentamicin + rifampicin + vancomycin