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Flashcards in antibiotics Deck (18):
1

most common cause of UTI

E. coli - 80%

2

treatment of UTI

cover G-:
TMP-SMX
aminopenicillins
fluoroquinolones
nitrofurantoin

3

antibiotic prophylaxis for meningococcal meningitis exposure

ciprofloxacin (DOC)
rifampin (children)
ceftriaxone

4

antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis with dental procedures if have mechanical valves or damaged valves (usually due to viridan streptococci)

aminopenicillin: amoxicillin (used most), ampicillin
penicillin V
if pen allergy:
clindamycin
azithromycin
cephalexin (1st gen)

5

antibiotic prophylaxis for gonnorrhea exposure (assume if sexually-assaulted)

ceftriaxone

6

antibiotic prophylaxis for history of UTIs

long-term use:
TMP-SMX
nitrofurantoin
amoxicillin
cephalexin

7

antibiotic prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying GBS

ampicillin

8

antibiotic prophylaxis for gonococcal and chlaymydial conjunctivitis in newborn

erythromycin ointment

9

antibiotic prophylaxis for postsurgical infection due to s. aureus

cefazolin

10

antibiotic prophylaxis for strep pharyngitis in child with prior rheumatic fever

oral penicillin

11

antibiotic prophylaxis for syphilis exposure

penicillin G (IV or IM)

12

antibiotic prophylaxis for H. influenzae meningitis exposure

rifampin

13

antibiotic prophylaxis for pneumocystis jirovecii (causes pneumonia in AIDS patients)

TMP-SMX (start when CD4

14

safe during pregnancy

penicillins
aminopenicillins
piperacillin
cephalosporins
macrolides: azithromycin or erythromycin
metronidazole: after first tri
nitrofurantoin: UTI

15

penicillin for neonatal infection

ampicillin + gentamicin

16

penicillin for syphilis

penicillin G (IM or IV)

17

penicillin for pseudomonas

ticarcillin
carbenicillin
piperacillin

18

next step in treatment of otitis media if resistant to amoxicillin

amoxicillin + clavulonic acid

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